Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 19
Roxana CIOCLOV, Ion LALA-POPA
 

Management literature frequently refers to individual motivation and performance at the workplace as two interrelated concepts. The current paper takes this as its starting point. The aim of the paper is to briefly analyze how motivation can generate performance, how performance can generate motivation and how this relationship can explain both the theory and the practical consequences of the motivation <> performance dynamics. To this end, qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to investigate the perception of about 300 Romanian employees. The conclusive model which resulted from the research offers valuable insights into the factors that can influence and determine both motivation and performance at the workplace (in order of importance). It also looks at how management teams make better strategic decisions when they rely on what is most efficient for their employees in terms of the impact of motivation and performance.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th February, 2019
  • Keywords: Motivation; Performance; Inter-dependence; Bidirectional model
  • Pages: 7-16
  • Received: 18th January, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th February, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 19
Veronika FENYVES, György SZABADOS, Zoltán BÁCS
 

The Annual Campus Festival is among the summer music festivals in Hungary which targets higher education students and attracts a large number of participants. The organisers of the festival pay special attention to enhancing visitors’ interest in sport and music events. The Campus Sport Festival takes place annually to promote sport and to provide higher education students, fans and participants from Hungary and abroad (Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine) with memorable opportunities to get to know each other and socialize. Based on the results of a survey in 2017 this study analyses higher education students’ motivation to take part in such international events and focuses on similarities and differences identified among students from other countries. A programme for statistical analysis, SPPS, was used to study the differences among students from several countries and event motivational factors were taken into consideration when administering Pearson’s chi-squared and Kruskal-Wallis tests.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th February, 2019
  • Keywords: Sport festival; Higher education students; Recreational sport; Spot motivation
  • Pages: 17-22
  • Received: 13th January, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 16th February, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 19
Ascaryan RAFINDA, Tímea GÁL
 

The purpose of this paper is to explain the benefits of the educational programme for micro-investment in Indonesian rural areas. Rural communities that tend to have a low income need financial education so that people can understand the concept of investment and benefit from it. Investment at the micro level is accessible for people who have minimal investment funds. Furthermore, this paper will provide steps and benefits for micro-investment education. Finally, this research will deal with the financial side of micro-investment in agriculture. Further empirical findings are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of this programme.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 2nd March, 2019
  • Keywords: Micro-Investment-Education; Agriculture Investment; Rural Area; Increase Income
  • Pages: 23-28
  • Received: 21th February, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st March, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 19
Rawan ABUZARQA
 

Risk management has attracted the interest of financial and banking institutions recently. The financial industry has experienced financial problems and crises which lead to heavy losses and bankruptcy. The global intertwining of banking institutions, globalization of financial services, the growth of the bank credit market and its diversification have increased these risks. Therefore new efficient methods and tools need to be developed. The main purpose of this article is to provide a critical review of the concept of bank risk management; in addition, the Basel principles developed over time will be focused on (Basel I, Basel II, Basel III). This paper summarizes the results of the previous studies with a view to helping bank managers understand the banking risk management process and providing guidance for future research.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 19th March, 2019
  • Keywords: Risk; Banking risks; Bank risk management; Basel I, II, III agreements
  • Pages: 29-38
  • Received: 4th February, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 17th March, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 19
Emanuela Maria AVRAM
 

Strong brands are rapidly spreading into a globalized society and becoming known to many people. Elements such as name, graphic representation, symbols and colors used are the most important features of a brand. They differentiate the brands and attract consumers thus having a strong impact on their buying decision. That is why looking into consumer perception about brand logo is of crucial importance to organizations. This study offers examples of different brands illustrating how powerful a good logo is. The results reveal the importance of colors and brand logo design and the power of these elements to influence consumers’ decisions and emotions.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 5th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Logo perception; Strong brands; Color; Globalized society; Consumers
  • Pages: 39-46
  • Received: 3rd January, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st May, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 19
Dijan RAHAJUNI, Lilis Siti BADRIAH, Ascaryan RAFINDA
 

The aim of the Indonesian government in the economic field is to advance public welfare. The Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarkat Mandiri (PNPM-M) or Community Empowerment National Program which covered 2007 - 2014, succeeded in reducing poverty in rural and urban areas, but still left problems unsolved including leaving revolving funds in the hands of the community, a high level of community dependence on loan funds scrolling, more than 50% of beneficiaries utilizing revolving loan funds for consumption. In an effort to realize prosperity, efforts should be made to divert the use of loan funds from consumption to productive activities. The socio-economic limitations of the poor are obstacles to productive economic activities. Social capital which is local wisdom in the community include trusts, rules (norms), and networks (networking) and can be used as a means to increase the independence and welfare of the community. The analysis used the ZMET model and obtained the construct connector to increase the economic productivity of the poor, namely: getting to know each other, helping each other, cooperating, or obeying the rules. Willingness to learn, cohesiveness, consistency, correct information or continuous activities come as natural consequences.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 5th May, 2019
  • Keywords: PNPM-M; Social Capital; Local wisdom; ZMET; Connector construct
  • Pages: 47-54
  • Received: 6th April, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st May, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 19
Gergő KUN
 

This article examines the particularity and complexities of industrial development and business-government relations in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, especially in Hungary between 1867 and 1914. The paper looks looking into the interactions between the Hungarian government, the Viennese court and Hungary’s most prominent companies from the pre-world war period. In the period under discussion Hungary was still mainly an agrarian country but after the compromise between Austria and Hungary industrial development increased and started to catch up with the Austrian competitors. The study highlights the main trends of the applied industrial development policies and their effects on the economy and the companies themselves.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 6th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Industrial development; Policies; Industrial education; Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Pages: 55-64
  • Received: 10th April, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 3rd May, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 19
Andreea DUMITRACHE
 

The interest in investigating the phenomenon of customer migration to the competition has grown in recent years. The efficient management of the customer base has become a powerful tool which plays a significant role in maintaining stable revenues in businesses around the world. This paper presents the evolution of research that has extensively studied the churn phenomenon and focuses on several topics: research fields according to the number of publications, research organizations, written language, authors, industries, research areas, types of works and so on. The paper also defines the terminology, the taxonomy and the causal factors of the phenomenon.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 23th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Churn Taxonomy; Bibliometric Analysis of Churn; Scientometry; Data Science; Research
  • Pages: 65-73
  • Received: 24th April, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 22th May, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 19
Stefan-Alexandru CATANA
 

This paper approaches a topic discussed in marketing literature, in the context of global changes and modern ways of retailing. Nowadays, as a retailer, it is very important to be in line with the customer needs and with their aspirations to be competitive on the market. Starting from this aspect, the article presents some points of view to the effect that retailing must be treated in terms of services marketing. The paper highlights that retailing must be treated as a process and as a sequence of inter-related, intangible, variable and inseparable activities resulting in a certain benefit for the customer, not only as a process of selling goods.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 31th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Retailing; Services marketing; Retail marketing
  • Pages: 75-77
  • Received: 21th May, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 30th May, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 20
Delia Corina MIHĂLŢAN
 

The current paper aims at raising awareness about the differences between theory and practice in accounting. It focuses on the logical path that a student or a novice in this field must follow in order to apply theoretical knowledge into practice. The role, the structure, and the features of the financial information system (as part of the informational system of the entity) are presented in comparison with the accounting ledgers used in the traditional accounting (where transactions were recorded manually). These ledgers are the starting point of any accounting when acquiring the practical knowledge. In addition, the paper considers the didactic principles most suitable to bridge the gap between theory and practice in accounting.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 10th July, 2019
  • Keywords: Financial information system; Accounting theory; The gap between theory and practice; Didactic principles
  • Pages: 85-91
  • Received: 19th June, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st July, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 20
Daniela VITAN
 

The pre-university educational institutions are state-funded, from the local budgets of the administrative-territorial units to which they belong. They can be funded additionally by the Ministry of National Education. Basic funding is provided by the state within the standard cost per pupil. Complementary funding is realised from the local budgets of the administrative-territorial units to which the pre-university educational institutions belong. Additional funding is provided by the Ministry of National Education. Educational institutions may also have their own revenues. These are obtained from donations, sponsorships or other legally constituted sources. Pre-university educational institutions cannot function and cannot perform without the allocation of financial resources to cover their expenses. This creates a direct link between funding and performance.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 10th July, 2019
  • Keywords: Education; Teaching; Financing; Standard cost per pupil; Performance
  • Pages: 93-99
  • Received: 27th June, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 5th July, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 20
Andrea GERGELY, Veronika FENYVES, Mónika HARANGI-RÁKOS
 

Meat consumption has always played a prominent role in human nutrition. The pork and poultry industries are the two most important sectors in terms of meat consumption and production in the European Union and Hungary. Pork production has long been well ahead of poultry production but according to the latest research and forecasts it seems that the poultry industry will soon take the lead. The main objective of the paper is a detailed sector-level analysis. Currently the research comprises a small number of analyses of the two sectors. The research reviewed the international and domestic situation of the poultry and pork sectors as well as their development of production and consumption values. The paper focuses on the economic analysis, its theoretical background, role and tasks. It utilises the database provided by the Agricultural Economics Research Institute and uses various types of index numbers and the Du-Pont system for causal relationships among indexes. The database contains various balance sheets and profit and loss accounts for the period 2005-2015. The data for 2015 were available in three categories based on the Standard Production Value. In particular, the paper looks into the development of the asset and capital structure and the analysis of short-term solvency and profitability. The findings show that the development of the two sectors is in tune with international production and consumption trends.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 27th July, 2019
  • Keywords: Poultry sector; Analysis; Pig sector
  • Pages: 101-108
  • Received: 15th May, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th July, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 20
Iulia ROȘOIU
 

The purpose of this article is to analyze the impact of the fiscal shocks on the economic growth in Romania. Firstly, the article considers the total fiscal shock by using total government revenues and then it studies their structure. Three categories of revenues are used: distortionary taxation, non-distortionary taxation and other revenues. The first estimation is done by using a simple Vector Autoregressive model and the second is based on a Structural Vector Autoregressive model. The results indicate a positive impact if total revenues increase and a negative one when the groups of taxation are considered individually. Among the revenues’ categories, the most significant impact is obtained for distortionary taxation and other revenues.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 27th July, 2019
  • Keywords: Fiscal shock; Revenues structure; Simple VAR model; Structural VAR model
  • Pages: 109-115
  • Received: 5th July, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 25th July, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 20
Ildikó Dékán Tamásné ORBÁN, Nóra Vivien MURÁNYI, Ágota KISS
 

Real estate investment trusts or REITs are ”companies that own or finance income-producing real estate across a range of property sectors (including offices, apartment buildings, warehouses, retail centers, medical facilities, data centers, cell towers, infrastructure and hotels). These real estate companies have to meet a number of requirements to qualify as REITs. Most REITs trade in major stock exchanges, and they offer a number of benefits to investors.” (REIT, 2019). REITs operate worldwide from the USA to Hungary. The article focuses on the REIT-regulation in some European countries, mainly in the United Kingdom and in Hungary. As REITs are listed on stock exchanges, they have to prepare their financial statements based on International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The paper looks at the presentation and specificities of the REIT status in the IFRS financial statements.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 31st August, 2019
  • Keywords: Real estate investment trusts; IFRS financial statements; Taxation
  • Pages: 117-124
  • Received: 19th August, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 30th August, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 20
Cristina-Ioana ROTH, Adriana STANILA, Ionela MANIU, Andrei-Catalin MUNTEAN
 

The aim of our study is to identify the relation between ocular symptoms and clinical diagnostic tests in dry eye disease with a view to finding an optimal combination of diagnostic tests. Spearmen’s correlation coefficient was used to describe the correlation between symptoms (OSDI) and clinical signs (Schirmer test I, contrast sensitivity, Tear breakup time (TBUT) and Oxford staining schema). The results were compared with the findings in current literature.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 31st August, 2019
  • Keywords: OSDI; Dry eye; Schirmer test; Contrast sensitivity; Oxford staining schema; Tear breakup time; Symptoms
  • Pages: 125-130
  • Received: 11th July, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 4th August, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 20
Ana-Maria Raluca PĂUNA, Alina Costina LUCA, Doina AZOICĂI
 

Influenza vaccination is very important not only for elderly and children that don’t have enough autoantibodies that can fight against different viruses. Individuals who receive influenza vaccination have to be precautious because this immunization can determine allergic reactions for people that are sensitive to the yolk sac of the egg. The doctor has to know the allergies of the patients before vaccination. This review informs about randomized controlled studies for improving influenza. But despite all these, for receiving the flu-shot, all the patients need precautions before and after vaccination because they can develop allergies.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 31st August, 2019
  • Keywords: Influenza vaccination; Side effects; Allergies; Viruses
  • Pages: 131-136
  • Received: 31st July, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 29th August, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 20
Said ABUJUDEH
 

Unlike other resources, human resources are rare and hard to imitate, that makes them seen as a unique source of sustainable competitive advantages. Hence, it is essential for organizations to exert extra effort in order to manage such valuable assets. Through well-defined human resource management (HRM) practices, organizations can enhance their employees' satisfaction and commitment. As a result, it will stimulate them to perform extra efforts on behalf of their organizations and will increase their intention to stay. The study examines the role of HRM practices in increasing employees’ job satisfaction and strengthening their organizational commitment, as well as explores the role of organizational culture and leadership style as a moderator of these relationships. By using secondary data from the previous studies, the result shows that the HRM practices play a significant role in increasing employees’ satisfaction and commitment, and that role might be maximized if the HRM practices integrate properly with organizational culture and leadership styles.

  • Type: Review Artile
  • Published on: 31th August, 2019
  • Keywords: HRM; Job Satisfaction; Organizational Commitment; Organizational Culture; Leadership Style
  • Pages: 137-145
  • Received: 31st July, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 29th August, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 20
Ana-Maria ZAMFIR, Raluca MOLEA, Anamaria NĂSTASĂ
 

Education is a central social institution supporting human capital development and socialisation of youth to adulthood. From this point of view, the passage of individuals through the education system is an important theme of study for social sciences, both for explaining educational attainment, as well as for understanding subsequent outcomes obtained by individuals through their life course (employment, income, health, etc.). Educational trajectories are characterised by various transitions that mark the passing of individuals through the education system. The present paper aims to explore educational choices and participation to higher education in Romania and the way they are being shaped by contextual factors. We analyse statistical and administrative data on participation to higher education, considering the characteristics of the economic environment and institutional settings. Our results are relevant to better inform education related decisions of individuals, as well as for supporting the policy making process.

  • Type: Origina Research
  • Published on: 31th August, 2019
  • Keywords: Higher education; Educational choice; Regional disparities
  • Pages: 147-156
  • Received: 11th July, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 4th August, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Anca-Simona HROMEI
 

Over time, the specialized literature has very clearly delimited the two main types of corporate governance systems, namely the “outsider” and the “insider” type, starting from the analysis of various internal and external factors. However, as the economic environment and financial markets evolve, the influence of several factors changes, and certain features of a system are increasingly found in companies previously included in a distinct governance system. This paper firstly aims to delineate the characteristics specific to each governance system, and secondly to present those reasons, factors and the characteristics that lead to the possible gradual convergence of the governance systems worldwide.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019
  • Keywords: Corporate governance; Convergence; Corporate governance systems; Corporate social responsibility; Market globalization
  • Pages: 167-174
  • Received: 2nd December, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Daniel-Florin DĂNILOAIA, Simina-Nicoleta BOHÂLȚEANU
 

In a competitive environment, holding information is an essential form of power for any organization focused on continuous development and learning. In this sense, information technology (IT) is currently a valuable tool for facilitating communication in organizations, being used to improve the work results of employees and thus contributing to the implementation of the empowerment process. Since not all companies are aware of the power of this resource, or they are not able to use it. The present study aims to highlight the role of IT in the empowerment process, highlighting important IT tools that facilitate organizational communication, learning and providing organizational support at every step of the empowerment process. In the present research, the documentary analysis was used to analyze the most relevant and new articles found through Google Scholar, Elsevier, Web of Science search engines. Also, this article is providing a starting point of future empiric research on the topic for scholars or practitioners in human resource management.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: Empowerment process; Information technology; IT tools; Digital changes
  • Pages: 175-181
  • Received: 3rd December, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Mohannad ALOBID, Naji ALFARAJ, Szűcs ISTVÁN
 

In this paper, an attempt has been made to investigate the area, production, and productivity of the main crops in Syrian agriculture before and after the crisis. To this end, the necessary data required for the study has been collected from the Central Bureau of Statistics in Syria, the Ministry of Agriculture in Syria, and the FAO database. The results of the study show that for wheat, barley and cotton, there has been a decrease in the cultivated area during the crisis compared to the period before it (503.706, 123.589, and 131.750 hectares, respectively). Besides, in terms of production, we note that there has been a negative impact of the crisis on wheat, barley, and cotton of 1,327.968, 84.139, 558.677 tons, respectively. Furthermore, as regards productivity, we observe that there has been a negative impact of the crisis on wheat, barley, and cotton of 0.374, 0.134, 1.034 tons/ha, respectively.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: Area; Production; Productivity; Syrian Crisis Impact
  • Pages: 183-196
  • Received: 4th December, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Mihaela IONESCU
 

In this article, the author presents some aspects of the Romanian energy system which undergoes crucial transformations in the conditions of sustainable development. The promotion of energy from renewable resources is one of the challenges currently facing the Romanian economy. Due to the efficient political support so far, the electricity generated by renewable energy already represents a relevant share of 24%. As a result, forced market integration and higher renewable energy supply are considered crucial in the next stages of the transformation process. In the long term, the opportunity of installing new coal and natural gas capacities will be given by the evolution of the prices of the ETS certificates, the necessity of establishing a strategic reserve for the SEN safety, the increase of the demand for electricity, the performance of the installed capacities, of the prices of technologies. Romania is among the 14 EU member states that maintain the option of using nuclear energy and investments in two nuclear power plants. But the energy produced by nuclear power plants can be replaced by electricity obtained from renewable sources with much lower costs under sustainable development conditions.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: Economic growth; Energy mix; Energy security; Renewable energy
  • Pages: 197-203
  • Received: 4th December, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Raluca-Elena CAUNIC
 

Population health is a duty for all the governments. In order to improve the quality of health services and to ensure sustainability of the health systems, the assessment of systems performance became mandatory. World Health Organization undertook in 2000 a comparative assessment of the performance of health systems for 191 member states, based on a generic framework. The results highlighted the strenghts and the weaknesses of the systems, stimulating the political interest for monitoring health systems performance. The purpose of this paper is a critical review of the frameworks applied for performance assessment of the health systems. The article summarizes the steps taken in frameworks design and the sets of indicators derived from them. These evaluations provide effective models for health systems stewardship, guiding policy-makers. The emphasis is put on unifying reporting standards of data and indicators and on coordination of methodologies, to ensure reliable cross-country comparisons for mutual learning.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: Health system; Health system performance framework; Health system assessment; Health system indicators
  • Pages: 205-212
  • Received: 5th December, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Sorin-George I. TOMA
 

Multinational and transnational corporations represent key actors in the globalization process and highly influence the way the world economy evolves. The aim of the paper is to briefly analyse the evolution of the world’s ten largest corporations by their total revenues, profits and number of employees in the period 2017-2018. The research is based on a quantitative method. The paper shows that these corporations have become huge business organizations and achieved impressive performances. Also, it reveals that the world’s largest corporations belong to several important domains, such as the petroleum refining industry or the banking and financial sector, and most of them are American and Chinese corporations.

  • Type: Perspective, opinion and commentary
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: Multinational corporation; Transnational corporation; Wal-Mart; United States of America; People’s Republic of China
  • Pages: 213-219
  • Received: 5th December, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
László BÚZA, László ÓZSVÁRI
 

In this study the authors surveyed and compared the Central European (Hungarian, Czech and Slovakian) vets’ and farm managers’ opinion on the critical risk factors and effective farm management of Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex (PRDC). From February to May 2014, 39 farm managers (32 from Hungary, 6 from Czechia, 1 from Slovakia) and 37 vets (26 from Hungary, 10 from Czechia, 1 from Slovakia) working on 75 farrow-to-finish swine farms with 82,500 sows were personally questioned about their opinion on the risk factors and successful management factors for PRDC. The findings revealed that lack of effective farm management and the relating prevalent, recurring, operational problems have the most detrimental effect on the PRDC status on the Central-European pig farms. The results show that the vets considered the majority of the PRDC general risk factors (e.g. housing) to be more reasonable than the farm managers, however, the perceptions of the severity of PRDC pathogens showed much more similarity. It can be concluded that the swine farm managers and vets in Central-Europe should more often conduct a systematic farm monitoring to avoid the operational blindness and to better understand the risk factors of PRDC.

  • Type: Perspective, opinion and commentary
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: PRDC (Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex); Management; Risk factors; Pig farms; Central-Europe
  • Pages: 221-227
  • Received: 7th December, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Irina CALUGAREANU
 

In the context of geopolitical tensions and crises that have influenced the economy of the Republic of Moldova, revenues at budgets of all levels have decreased considerably, undoubtedly affecting the development of the country's infrastructure. In such a situation, the partnership between the public and private sectors is of major importance. This complex system management can attract financing from extra-budgetary sources for large long-term projects, implementation of private management in the public sector, diversification and increase the quality of public interest services and goods. This article analyses the limits that arise at the development and realization of public-private partnerships in the Republic of Moldova, as part of organizational agility, although the regulatory framework in this domain is already formed and it’s functioning.

  • Type: Perspective, opinion and commentary
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: Limits; Public-private partnership; Contract; State; Concession; Risks
  • Pages: 229-235
  • Received: 6th December, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Daniela Nicoleta BOTONE
 

The article presents the results of a case study conducted in two hospitals from Romanian counties Sibiu and Brasov. Also, the article gives a descriptive analysis of emotional work related to locus of control in the case of 79 Romanian nurses. The data have shown significant differences in the occurrence of emotional work through deep acting of emotions and emotional work through surface acting of emotions, depending on age and seniority in medical organization. Further, the limits and implications of the research were discussed.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: Locus of control, Emotion, Emotional work, Resilience, Nurse
  • Pages: 237-242
  • Received: 1tst December, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Ana-Maria PĂUNA, Gratiela Eliza POPA, Liliana Mititelu-TARȚĂU
 

Nanoparticles have a special place in nanoscience and nanotechnology, not only because of their particular properties resulting from their reduced dimensions, but also because they are promising building blocks for more complex nanostructures. Diclofenac is an anti-inflammatory drug that inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 enzyme with greater potency than COX-1 does. The adverse effects can occur when NSAIDs are used for a long time, leading to gastrointestinal and renal dysfunctions. Nanoparticles of diclofenac are nanotransporters that facilitate the intracellular penetration and can reduce the side-effects of uncorporated diclofenac. Nanoparticles incorporating diclofenac have been made using various polymers and different stabilizers. The most important parameters in the characterization of nano-systems are the particle size and their size distribution in the colloidal solution, the Zeta potential, the polymorphism, the crystallization level, the degree of drug loading and its release profile.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: Nanoparticles; Diclofenac; NSAIDs
  • Pages: 243-248
  • Received: 14th November, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Anatolie CARBUNE
 

Particularly since the European Union Global Strategy (EUGS) was published in 2016, the EU’s soft power projection in Eastern Neighbourhood revolves around the concept of resilience. EU is promoting the need for building resilience, considering that EaP states are facing many challenges associated with internal vulnerabilities and external threats, ranging from security risks to political uncertainty. However, the EUGS put a special emphasis on societal resilience, as many of states’ weaknesses are linked with internal systemic issues. The aim of this paper is to recount the origins of societal resilience at the core of EU’s narrative towards Eastern Neighbourhood, by focusing on the link between good governance and societal resilience. The concept of societal resilience is analysed in a wider manner; as it involves different dimensions, relevant empirical data is used to support the author’s arguments. With a stronger focus on societal resilience, EU could play a more salient role in exerting its transformative power. More than that, the limits of this approach as a policy goal for long term is discussed. As EU could play only an indirect role, societal resilience can be built only gradually and EaP partners have to actively support the EU in this process. In this context, the connection between good governance, economic development and societal resilience is crucial for long term stability.

  • Type: Perspective, opinion and commentary
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: Eastern neighbourhood; Actorness; Good governance
  • Pages: 249-254
  • Received: 18th November, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019
Volume VII, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 21
Dumitrita IFTODE
 

Due to technological evolution and digitalization education has encountered many changes in the last decade. Students as a part of educational system bring their own footprint on it through their learning styles. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the learning styles of a group of undergraduate and postgraduate students. The achievement of this goal is realized through a questionnaire applied to a sample of 114 students. Particularly, I have used the Felder & Soloman Index (ILS), which is specifically evaluating four learning dimensions: processing information; perceiving information; receiving and understanding information. In order to shape the students’ learning styles, the statements were grouped in three categories and had a five - point Likert scale for evaluation. Even if at first glance the problem of learning styles is considered a simple task, through further analysis I realized that it is a complex process. Understanding and defining the students’ leaning styles is particularly important because this is the key of their active involvement. In this context, Z generation is identified with an auto-didactic and independent learning type and also with a strong desire to choose what and how to study.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 24th December, 2019, 2019
  • Keywords: Generation Z; Students; Learning styles; Learning strategies
  • Pages: 249-254
  • Received: 7th November, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 23rd December, 2019