Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Anca Maria CLIPA, Sorina POSTOLEA
 

When negotiating, people have economic as well noneconomic, subjective concerns. This study is an exploratory investigation into the objective and subjective factors influencing employment contract negotiations and the willingness to interact in future business negotiations in the case of Romanian IT employees and recruiters. The study draws on qualitative data collection and analysis methods, i.e. semi-structured interviews with 10 participants, projective techniques and content analysis. At the time, 5 of the participants held recruitment and contracting HR roles, and 5 were working as employees (programmers, business analysts, IT project managers). They all had a recent working contract negotiation experience (less than one year ago) in the IT industry. Using the principles of corpus linguistics and the methods specific to discourse and critical discourse analysis, our study highlights some of the factors taken into account by Romanian IT employees and recruiters in employment contract negotiations.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th September 2017
  • Keywords: Working contract negotiation, Negotiation, Corpus linguistics, Willingness to negotiate, Subjective value in negotiation
  • Received: 25th August, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th September, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Florin POPESCU
 

Early warning system (EWS) based on a reliable forecasting process has become a critical component of the management of large complex industrial projects in the globalized transnational environment. The purpose of this research is to critically analyze the forecasting methods from the point of view of early warning, choosing those useful for the construction of EWS. This research addresses complementary techniques, using Bayesian Networks, which addresses both uncertainties and causality in project planning and execution, with the goal of generating early warning signals for project managers. Even though Bayesian networks have been widely used in a range of decision-support applications, their application as early warning systems for project management is still new.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 15th September 2017
  • Keywords: Early warning, Forecasting methods, Project management
  • Received: 7th August, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th September, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Cristina Elena NICOLESCU, Ioana Teodora BITOIU, Crina Ramona RADULESCU
 

The paper, based on the coordinates of the problems triggered by the negative externalities chain generated by the poor food supply and production system at the level of the urban collectivities, carries out an analysis focused on the identification of the tools, mechanisms, and good practices needed to ensure the sustainability of the local policies on public nutrition. The experiences in the field show that the progress is remarkable in the case of collaborative administrations aimed at enhancing the cooperation and partnership relations, based on common interests, on both internal and international collaboration level, such as The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact (2015). From this perspective, the paper presents a case study, a significant experience of improving the food supply system of Bucharest population, through local public nutrition policy and the public action set implemented by Bucharest local authorities with the support of State public bodies and the representatives of civil society, materialized in the establishment of peasant markets as flea markets on the territory of Bucharest.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th September 2017
  • Keywords: The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact, Local public policies, Sustainability, Food consumption model, Peasant market, Bucharest
  • Received: 31th August, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th September, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Afrodita BORMA
 

This paper addresses the issue of food waste, which is currently a global problem with repercussions on all the links in the food supply chain. The method used in drafting the paper focuses on extensive documentation based on the official websites of the European Union and International Organizations (FAO, OECD, etc.) concerned with finding solutions that would lead to the reduction of the amount of wasted food. Thus, the paper discusses issues related to: the main situations that generate waste and food losses along the food chain, costs associated with food waste and the projects initiated by the EU to reduce food waste. The final part of the paper presents the programs by which Romania tries to process and capitalize on the current food surplus in order to reduce food waste.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th September 2017
  • Keywords: Food waste, Food loss, FAO, FUSIONS project, REFRESH project
  • Received: 1st September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th September, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Ahmed SALAMA
 

This paper aims to examine how literacy rate affects unemployment among different ages in Palestine. Using labour force surveys and annual reports of Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS, 2000-2015), we analyzed 16 years (2000-2015) regarding unemployment percentage and literacy rates among different ages in both genders in Palestine. Linear regression models were used to show how literacy rate affects unemployment among the various ages. The results showed that literacy rate is significantly correlated with the percentage of unemployment among ages of (15 to 24, 25 to 34, and 35 to 44). Gender is significantly correlated with the percentage of unemployment among the ages of (15 to 24, 25 to 34, and 45 to 54). A positive relationship appears between literacy and unemployment. Females have more unemployment than males among ages of (15 to 24 and 25 to 34). On the other side, females have less unemployment than males in the (35 to 44 and 45 to 54) age categories.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 11th October 2017
  • Keywords: Unemployment, Palestine, Literacy rate, Gender, Age
  • Received: 15th July, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th October, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Judit OLÁH, József POPP, Domicián MÁTÉ
 

The turbulent changing economic environment following the 2008 global financial and economic crisis has posed a major challenge to the majority of producing and manufacturing companies. The recessionary economy of the European Union, the “marginal countries” existence on the edge of bankruptcy, the shortage of loans and the subdued consumption of the population all affect the way in which products are marketed and the integration of accompanying services. This change has a significant impact on logistics processes and logistics service providers, as they face changing tasks and challenges in supply chain management. The authors intend to address this impact in their article, which also takes into account the results of international scientific papers.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 11th October 2017
  • Keywords: Servitization, Innovation, Strategy, Logistics service provider, Supply chain
  • Received: 25th August, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th October, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Ahmed SALAMA
 

This paper discusses the challenges of unemployment in Palestine between 2000 and 2015. The study aims to understand the trends and sources of unemployment in Palestine. Using the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) data, trend analysis was used to understand the trends of unemployment in both parts of Palestine (West Bank and Gaza Strip) between 2000 and 2015. The Results showed that there is a downward trend in the unemployment rate in West Bank and an upward trend appears on the unemployment rate in Gaza Strip. The constraints during the second Intifada and the Siege on Gaza Strip are the main factors that affected on unemployment between 2000 and 2015. The economic growth difference in both parts of Palestine (West Bank and Gaza Strip) can be one of the reasons that affecting on unemployment besides the other reasons. Some solutions are introduced for unemployment challenge in Palestine beside the solution of lack of independence issue.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 11th October 2017
  • Keywords: Unemployment, Palestine, Lack of independence, Labour market
  • Received: 8th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th October, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Oana Simona HUDEA
 

Frequently debated topic, the issue of foreign direct investments has generated miscellaneous discussions related to the benefits they can provide to an economy, depending on the size, strength, strategy or position of the same, among many other aspects to be considered, however without skipping on the undesirable effects they might cause. With this in mind, we undertook to reveal in the present paper, after a brief clarification of some key related elements in the matter, indices of the advantages and disadvantages they can bring to a still developing country like Romania, the economy of which is analysed in larger detail, from such perspective.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st November, 2017
  • Keywords: Foreign direct investments, Equity, Investment shares, FDI benefits and shortcomings, Direct investment enterprise
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 29th October, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Magdalena VELCIU
 

Job matching and finding the best person to the right job inside the right company has become one of the most important and actual challenges of productivity. Not only full employment but the match between the employee and the job, in terms of educational level or field of activity, qualifications and skills of workforce; all have been the new gain of work productivity. Present article synthesizes the theoretical and empirical findings on effects of job mismatch by selecting the main findings about influence of job mismatches on work productivity including both employees and companies sides. on short term overeducation and overqualification could have a positive effect on productivity for one company, but on long term, mismatched worker would be affected by decreasing job satisfaction and lower wages. Also, at macroeconomic level, from a perspective of economy as a whole, job mismatches mean a loss of resources and human capital and could have negative effects on overall productivity. The opposite effects stay at the crossing between the employees, companies, policies and future development. In fact the effects of skill mismatch and productivity is a lost of work potential through inefficient resource (re)allocation.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Skill and educational mismatch, Work productivity, Human resources
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Aida CATANA
 

The educational infrastructure was one of the priorities financed by European Regional Development Fund in Romania through Regional Operational Programme in 2007-2013 programming period. The regions for development in Romania needed financial support to improve the quality of local educational infrastructure but the administrative capacity to get EU funds wasn’t prepared to take advantage of the available opportunities. This paper shows that the level of local development in terms of institutional capacity and financial resources had influenced the amount of funds obtained by the local authorities. Even if the less developed regions had an important need for resources, the more developed regions succeeded to implement more projects for educational infrastructure.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Regional development, EU funds, Educational infrastructure, Regional disparities
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Laura-Alexandra MORTURĂ, Daniel Petru VÂRTEIU, Andreea Elena DREGHICIU
 

The purpose of accounting is to show an entity’s trusty image through different financial reports. The information provided by these reports are used in the decision making process by different categories of users. Throughout time different procedures and techiques have been developed, through which an „embelishment” of financial reports is made. These procedures and techniques are specific to creative accounting and have the capacity to influence both the profit and loss account, but also the entity’s balance sheet. Only by knowing the procedures specific to creative accounting, can the users of financial reports identify the situations, reasons and consequences of their appliance on the information based on which they will make certain decisions. A domain in which the techiques of creative accounting have the capacity of influencing the exercise and implicitly the owned contribution is the one concerning the exchange rate differences.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Creative accounting, Economic – financial information, Exchange rate differences
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Daniela ICHIM, Andra ANDRONICIUC
 

E-Marketplaces are new business places for buying, selling products and services in many industries to support customers. The emergence of business-to-business (B2B) in the online environment has opened up opportunities for effective online transactions between businesses. Research in this area is not enough to offer only fragmented perspectives in this area. Therefore, the targeted research problem was designed to investigate how business performance of online B2B purchases can be analyzed. The proposed study focuses on the online procurement in. Specifically, they try to answer questions such as: Does site, product, and vendor characteristics affect the online procurement in? Does online buying experience influence online procurement by? Participants are that use the Internet to procure products or services. Study respondents were SME managers who believe that online procurement will save time, money and effort, reducing costs.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: E-Marketplaces, Online procurement, Business performance, Online B2B
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Radu-Daniel LOGHIN
 

The role of the audit report is to provide a level of trust to the professional judgment behind the financial statements of a company. The market for audit services is not a homogenous one, and large audit partners known as the Big 4 dominate with their partner networks in both developed and emerging markets. The scientific literature provides a rich background of studies linking auditor affiliation and auditor independence. The current exploratory paper tries to approach the issue of auditor independence and affiliation by drawing on the Ohlson model for a sample of 552 firm-year observations from the Borsa Istanbul, covering the 2014 and 2015 financial periods. The results reveal a strong correlation for the year 2015 between the Big 4 affiliation and the value of the equities, possibly suggesting a correlation between auditor independence and financial statement relevance.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Turkey, Big4, Audit, Relevance
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Emanuela Maria AVRAM
 

Interactivity in the academic environment is a key element of the communication policy of higher education institutions. In the teaching-learning process, mobile technology creates interactivity and offers the ability to access learning resources anywhere and anytime. The main objective of this study is to highlight the importance of mobile technology in the communication and learning process in academia. The results reveal that learning activities which are engaged in the university classroom could be continued and developed through mobile interaction which has become a great tool for the higher education institutions to communicate virtually with anyone despite physical distance. Mobile technologies offer new ways of creating and disseminating knowledge and can be used to improve the overall learning experience of students and teachers.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Interactivity, Communication, Social networks, Learning experience, Mobile technology
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Anca COLIBABA, Irina GHEORGHIU, Anais COLIBABA
 

The article is based on the Erasmus+ project E-Classes (Ref. no.: 2017-1-RO01-KA202-037344), which addresses a few educational needs at the European level: the need to raise students’ interest in scientific issues and develop innovative and ICT based teaching approaches to make science learning more attractive and interactive. The article focuses on a new form of learning, flipped learning, which helps teachers to modify their teaching methods and adapt their teaching contents in a more complete, attractive, motivational, and economic way. The article relies on the transdisciplinary use of this method with science and technological school subjects in the VET sector. It introduces the main objectives, outputs and benefits of the project and gives insights into the efforts made to elaborate, train and experiment the flipped classroom pedagogic model by improving VET teachers and students e-competences and by involving companies in the educational process through multimedia enriched apprenticeship simulations, which aim at enhancing youth employability.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Flipped learning, Science, E-classes, Education
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Ștefan BUNEA
 

Expectations of teachers and employers are not always confirmed by student response and performance. The objective of our research is to find out the perception of final-year undergraduate students towards the contribution of accounting disciplines to shaping and developing skills and competencies, but also to developing student personality. We have found that students prefer courses based on detailed rules rather than courses based on general principles and concepts which require ongoing recourse to professional judgment, scenarios, assumptions, tests, simulations, etc. Concerning professional judgment, students prefer judgments made in financial accounting rather than judgments made for management purposes, which are heavily based on the use of certain competencies such as communication skills, persuasion skills, critical thinking skills, interdisciplinary thinking skills, and decision-making skills.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Accounting education, Competencies, Communication anxiety, Writing skill, Critical thinking
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Luminita PAIUSAN, Marius BOITA, Boby COSTI, Adina Maria MOTICA, Meda DECEBAL, Eduard AJTAY
 

Our research is topical in the context in which accounting takes an increasingly important role in the social life of each individual and implicitly of the society it belongs to and aims to present the alternative accounting concepts and practices of creative accounting on equity and liabilities to tourism entities. In determining the arguments to justify the real need for knowledge in this area we must delineate the research field Creative Accounting. In this sense, the research envisaged a systematization and reconsideration as well a synthesis and antithesis of the concepts presented on this topic in the specialized literature, in the regulations of various professional bodies and authorities. The knowledge of the patrimonial system, of its capacity to generate profits at a time is insured with both accounting and an accurate and effective control.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Tourism, Travel, Accounting, Financial planning, Capital
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Alina-Costina LUCA, Adriana SOUSSIA, Daniela LUCA
 

Blood pressure is a condition whose frequency continues to increase in pediatric ages. This cardiovascular pathology is often secondary to another condition such as parenchymal kidney disease or aortic coarctation. The integration of blood pressure measurement into the routine pediatric examination made it possible to detect asymptomatic secondary hypertension as well as to identify new cases of primary hypertension in the child. The epidemic of childhood obesity tends to increase blood pressure and precipitates complications. Diagnosing this pathology and implementing a healthier lifestyle or medication as early as possible will help reduce morbidity and even mortality by avoiding the progression of high blood pressure to adulthood.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Primary Arterial Blood Pressure, Secondary arterial Blood Pressure, Obesity
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Ionela MANIU, George Constantin MANIU, Bogdan NEAMTU
 

The aim of this article is to investigate the factors that are influencing student satisfaction in case of neurology related massive open online courses (MOOCs). We analyzed data collected from learners enrolled in 40 neurology related MOOCs, by manually looking for information in these courses reviews. The main identified satisfaction factors can be grouped into the following categories: content related factors: course content, additional materials, assignments, external research and teaching - learning related factors (teacher presentation techniques / style): engaging, clear, coherent, knowledgeable, sharing / explanation, interactive, excitement, considering student’s needs, inspiring, sense of humor. Competences, skills and objectives pursued by neurology related MOOCs are also discussed. Analyzing these factors can be useful in new courses management (design and implementation) and also in understanding the needs (motivation, behaviors, perception) of 21st century learners interested in neurology related fields.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Neurology, Masive open online courses (MOOCs), Satisfaction factors, Teaching, Learning
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Alina-Costina LUCA, Daniela LUCA, Adriana SOUSSIA
 

Mitral valve prolapse is a relatively common condition that associates various controversies with regard to therapeutic diagnosis and management. Generally, it is a benign pathology, although it is correlated with nonspecific symptoms such as precordial pain, dyspnoea or even panic attacks. This pathology can be randomly diagnosed following a routine cardiology check in both asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. The mitral valve prolapse is in most cases not progressive, but a minority of patients has the risk of developing mild mitral insufficiency, infectious endocarditis, or even sudden death. The clinician's responsibility is to identify low cases of complications as well as those with unfavourable development to initiate treatment.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Mitral Valve Prolapse, Therapeutic Management
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Laurentiu STUPARIU, Ionela MANIU, George Constantin MANIU
 

Analysis of epidemiological and health-economic indicators on ocular trauma involving children is important for developing targeted managerial, medical and educational strategies of health care providers and patients in order to reduce incidence and severity of pediatric ocular trauma. We analysed data collected from 29 children with ocular trauma from Emergency Hospital of Sibiu, between 2008-2016. For this children with closed globe injury it took an average of 7 days of hospitalization (IQR: (5; 9.5)), with a cost per day of hospitalization on average of 127 RON (IQR: (103; 136)), respectively a total hospitalization cost on average 856 RON (IQR: (529; 998)), with no significant gender or area differences. It took a slightly larger number of hospitalization days in the following situations: (1) in the case of mixed trauma compared to lamellar lacerations or contusions; (2) if the affected area was zone III compared to the other two areas (zone I and zone II); (3) where the visual acuity at admission was less than 1/6(0.16) compared to cases with visual acuity greater than 1/6(0.16); (4) in patients with hypertension at admission compared to those with normal tension or hypotension.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Ocular trauma, Pediatric, Health-economic indicators, Hospitalization days, Epidemiology
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Alina Costina LUCA, Oana-Emma HORHOTA
 

Coarctation of the aorta is the fifth as frequency among congenital heart defects, representing 6-8% of all of them. The incidence of coarctation of the aorta is 1: 2,500 births. It is a more commonly encountered pathology in males with a ratio between male and female sex of 2: 1 Patients have different clinical aspects depending on the age at which they are diagnosed. Newborns are most commonly found with heart failure and cardiogenic shock, and large children and adolescents address the pediatrician due to symptoms of headache, epistaxis, lower limb pain, fatigue. To diagnose coarctation of the aorta it is important to measure blood pressure in the upper and lower limbs, and to find a difference of 20 mmHg between them. Pulse is weaker or even absent in the femoral artery whereas in the brachial artery and radial pulse is strong.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Coarcation of aorta, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Congenital Heart Malformations
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Ion Gr. IONESCU, Camelia Isabela MARCU
 

The evolution of the international economic and social-politic life, after 1821 was strongly marked by visible trends and renewing action, animated by the idea of civic freedoms and feudal privileges deleting, emancipation of the peoples and nations. As an expression of the capitalist development, we assist at the constitution intensification of the global market, at the same time, with many differences in opinions, misunderstandings, disagreements and controversies, between the developed strong states, for domination. Politically, this situation has led to convolutions interstate relations, first of all, in Western Europe. Because capitalist relationships were deeply consolidated in this part of the continent, it is easy to understand that countries regarded as great powers - economic, military - were therefore acting, for domination and expansion. The level of economic freedom, as well as the rules of private property defining, have varied, from historical stage, at historical stage. However, on the territory of Romania, the penetration and the development of capitalism and its specific relations have been carried out slower, comparatively, with the West and even the center of Europe. The present study is the fruit of a profound research, through archives, libraries, published papers, periodicals, general and special works, of which, some of them have been finalized with conclusions in order to better understand the processuality and phenomenology of the capital accumulation and capital market formation, drawing of models and templates, depending on conditions and causalities, for knowing their effects.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 5th December, 2017
  • Keywords: Feudalism, Word market, State capital, Western trade
  • Received: 4th November, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 3rd December, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 15
Anca BUTNARIU
 

In a world characterized by the growth of global competition, a key question raised by business-to-business marketers is if brands in industrial markets really pay off, that is in which contexts and for what type of customers branding efforts are important and can bring competitive advantages for the companies owning those brands. The particularities and importance of branding in business has become a major field of scientific debate in the last years, but there are still questions unanswered and aspects unclear and under researched. Traditionally, B2B managers have been more skeptical about the benefits of branding, arguing that the organizational buying process is rational and focused on functional characteristics of the products and not based on the emotional values used in the B2C context. In this paper, we review the literature on brand equity in industrial markets and propose a synthetic conceptual model, with the purpose to shed more light on the issue of industrial branding.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 23th December, 2017
  • Keywords: Industrial branding, Brand equity, Brand positioning
  • Received: 17th december, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 21th December, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Ray F. IUNIUS
 

As a wise man once said, “Don’t worry about what you don’t know. Be worried about what you think you know, but don’t.” Regarding different ways “hospitality” is understood, the root of the problem lies in part in the different interpretations that hospitality has in different cultures and languages. In American English, for example, when we speak about “hospitality” we first think of it as an industry and only secondarily as an attribute of an individual or community. In other cultures, the primary meaning of hospitality is more a characteristic of people, or of a country or city, etc., and encompasses such ideas as welcome, reception, amiability, generosity, etc. – not an industry! Even in American English, other words are sometimes used to describe the same economic activity: lodging, accommodation, etc.

  • Type: Editorial
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Received: 26th June, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Magdalena DANILEȚ
 

The present paper represents an introduction in the theory of the conceptual metaphors and the study of metaphors associated to work which appear in economics and economics research literature. More precisely, our paper aims to map metaphors of work and life in the context of labour mobility. We start from the premise that our representations of life and work encapsulated in metaphors that we use daily are in a relationship of interdependence (reciprocal determination) with representations of the organizational context in which we work. We associate the organizational context term directly with an organization/company to which the employer relates at a certain moment, and indirectly with the organization as „organized society at the level of community, state, civil society”.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st June 2017
  • Keywords: Metaphor, Work, Labour
  • Received: 25th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Yahya Z. ALSHEHHI, Jozsef POPP
 

The tertiary sector is one of the modern styles of economic systems in view of the share it occupies in the field of production as well as employment occupied share. Hence, just like other lands, the UAE, witnessed an economic structural change similar to developed and developing nations, where the tertiary industries contributed 55.4% in 2015 to total country’s income. The empirical study aimed to analyze the contribution portion of growth in the tertiary industries through using the growth accounting framework in time-series from 1990 to 2015. The empirical study found that most of the industries contributed significantly to the growth of the tertiary sector. The contribution shares of growth due to labor and capital varied among industries. The main observed results show that there was a vice versa relationship between TFP performance and the size of labor, where the TFP positively corresponded with the decline in the size of labor specifically from 2010-2015.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Growth accounting, Tertiary sector, Economic industries, TFP, UAE
  • Received: 8th June, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Victor N. ITUMO
 

Nigeria is currently facing economic growth and development challenge. The economic challenge is occasioned by mono-cultural economic reliance on the single resource of crude oil export revenue as well as other internal and international effects that affect her economic drive for heightened growth and development. The Nigerian government had over the years searched for ways of diversifying its economy for greater growth and development especially given the various challenges in the economy, mainly the steep reduction in crude oil revenue arising from volatility of global oil price. This paper therefore uses the research methodology of case study to do a holistic assessment of the possibility of Nigeria diversifying into her tourism potentials for economic growth and development. This would be done equally by drawing relevant comparative analysis of other countries bringing economic benefits in Africa and across the globe.

  • Type: Perspective, opinion and commentary
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Tourism, Economic growth, Promotion, Sustainably, Diversification, Economic Challenges
  • Received: 14th July, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Yehia AL-DAAJA
 

In Today’s turbulent business environment Anticipatory leadership is a need, the organizations that can be flexible in anticipation of inevitable change are expected to survive, and the key as they say today is in anticipating the future. This paper deals with the anticipatory of strategic change and it aims to outline the framework of leadership that needs to be employed in the changing scenario and provide an additional understanding of what modern leadership entails trends, skill set. Leaders are required to be aware, authentic, audacious, and adaptable and action oriented. These skills, also termed as literacies which should be in line with the trends in leadership where are all required of modern leaders, these trends of leadership and a developed set of skills discussed alongside with the illustrations of the ministry of health in Jordan as an example also will conclude a set of recommendations. Data sources were of secondary research and a desk research was used to illustrate most important points and findings of the topic.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Anticipatory leadership, Strategic change, trends in leadership, Ministry of Health in Jordan, Five literacies
  • Received: 24th July, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Afrodita BORMA
 

This paper presents the opposition between industrial and organic food. The method used focuses on an extensive documentation based on statistical data, documentary films, books and articles that provide us various information about the devastating effect of chemicals used by the food industry. Most of the documents used are based on case studies and concrete examples that condemn the current food industry, which “forces” the population of the globe to consume artificial food, (lacking vitamins and minerals), which, according to specialists, “keeps us alive but hurries the end”. In order to change this cruel reality, a growing number of activists (physicians, economists, biologists, chemists, etc.) fight to stop the food chaos created by the current food industry, seeking and offering viable solutions for protecting the environment and the public health.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Food industry, Vertical farming, In vitro meat, Organic farming
  • Received: 8th July, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Roxana CIOCLOV, Ioan LALA-POPA
 

The current paper aims to present the topic of performance management in the leisure industry, focusing mainly on human resources performance. Considering the particularities that differentiate the leisure industry from any other, it is of great importance to understand how and when does performance appear, what are its preconditions and consequences, and in addition how can performance be managed given the environment. All of these are essential for a good management of the leisure business overall, but also for a good people management, acknowledging the strong correlation between motivated employees, higher individual performance and consequently higher organizational performance. Considering the above mentioned scope, the article is structured as a theoretical study, providing a literature analysis and introducing certain hypotheses that could afterwards be developed into a further qualitative and quantitative research, in order to deepen the research.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Performance management, Organization, Leisure industry
  • Received: 17th July, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Anca Cristina COLIBABA, Stefan COLIBABA, Cintia Lucia COLIBABA
 

The article is a study based on the e-Learning from Nature project (2015-1-IT02-KA201-015133) funded by the European Commission. The project’s main objectives are centred on improving students’ low achievement and stimulating secondary school students’ interest in science subjects. The article focuses on scientific education and its challenges and suggests an innovative approach which connects science with nature. It examines one of the most important project outputs: the e-lessons (short video lessons) created within the European partnership and the way they can contribute to increasing students’ motivation to learn science. Participant teachers’ testimonials have also been considered in the general evaluation of this project output.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Nature, Science, Innovative methods, E-lessons
  • Received: 15th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Corina TIFREA, Raluca COSTACHE, Andreea IONEL
 

The best results recorded for the 3rd-8th places in the men’s 800m event were obtained in the year 2012, during the Olympic Games from London, when the performance for the 3rd place was below 1:43.00, while the following places have small differences between each other – 8th place obtained 1:43.77. The better and better performances and the increasingly developed show during the great athletic competitions (Olympic Games) and the desire to get more information concerning the evolution of the performances in the medium-distance running events, made us choose the present subject. The evolution of the results for the 3rd to 8th places in the Olympic Games, for the medium distance events, has shown an oscillating dynamics from one edition to another, based on multiple factors that cannot always be controlled. The purpose of the present study is to highlight the aspects related to the dynamics of the sportive performance in the medium-distance athletic events during the Olympic Games, as well as to render an as objective and complete opinion as possible, on the evolution of the results for the 3rd to 8th places.

  • Type: Original Research
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Olympic Games, Semifond trials, Athletics
  • Received: 7th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Ana-Cristina LESE
 

In the working environment of the modern man, where the junction man-machine is a system that aims at achieving professional success, the ergonomic measures are increasingly promoted. These measures come after waves of complaints from the employees who often accuse psycho-physical fatigue. In this paper we will present a series of psychophysical techniques designed for those employees who work in an office. The examples are built on patterns existing in the physical exercise practice and mental theatre training used by some of the greatest teachers of theatre in the world. Alternating these types of physical and mental exercises, adapted for office work, can visibly improve the health of the employees

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Ergonomics, Employees, Psycho-physical exercises, Office
  • Received: 9th June, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Irina-Ana DROBOT
 

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the most recent running marathons in Bucharest to see whether they are part of a political agenda or not, and if yes, what are the reasons for this. Is this a way of allowing people to bond together, and to take part in charity? Is this part of the way media imposes its agenda on people, or vice-versa? Is it a way of political elites to control the masses and make them take part in welfare activities? The paper will take into account the hypothesis of sports and welfare holding communities together.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Marathon, Charity, Corporate culture
  • Received: 27th June, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Ana Maria BIRTALAN
 

This work is an empirical study, trying to identify the role of “in that” clause in different contexts. The aim of this paper is to analyze the pragmatic result of stretching or limiting the meaning of a word when I use “in that” construction. I shall prove that “in that” clauses work like hedges, limiting the domain over which an assertion is held to be true, removing the speaker from responsibility for interpretations other than those specifically mentioned. I shall also prove that “in that” can stretch the meanings of words, giving them various metaphorical or connotative values.Finally, by this study, I would like to demonstrate once again that pragmatics and syntax interact and influence each other in order to create acceptable speech.

  • Type: Original Research
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Connotation, Implicature, Limitation, Pragmatic usage, Discourse analysis, Domain
  • Received: 1st July, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Mihaela-Aurelia ȘTEFAN, Emil LAZĂR
 

This study supports the foundation curriculum focused on skills in three ways: a) content-centred approach; b) centered approach to learning process; c) social interactions centred approach. These approaches correlate, according to the authors, to the model-centred instructional offered by one who teaches (Logocentric training system) the experience and knowledge of the learner (Empiriocentric training system), but also social valences learning (Sociocentric training system). The data collected shows that most students have a traditional training focused on skills of memorization and reproduction of information. It is necessary to change the methodology so that students acquire self-organization skills, Homing, and lifelong learning. Research methods used were observation, survey-based questionnaire and the experiment. After analysing quantitative and qualitative results, we could make relevant conclusions on the role of pedagogical training program to portray the competence of the teacher. The results were reported in the following aspects: theoretical; auto management learning skills; attitudinal-motivational training.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Content organization perspective, Perspective students characteristics, Social perspective, Self-management of learning, Metacognition
  • Received: 15th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 14
Ionela MANIU, Alexander WANDSCHNEIDER, Bogdan NEAMTU
 

Time management, optimal and timed determination of emergency severity as well as optimizing the use of available human and material resources are crucial areas of emergency services. A starting point for achieving these optimizations can be considered the analysis and preprocess of real data from the emergency services. The benefits of performing this method consist in exposing more useful structures to data modelling algorithms which consequently will reduce overfitting and improves accuracy. This paper aims to offer practical recommendations for data preprocessing measures including feature selection and discretization of numeric attributes regarding age, duration of the case, season, period, week period (workday, weekend) and geospatial location of neurological and other pediatric emergencies. An analytical, retrospective study was conducted on a sample consisting of 933 pediatric cases, from UPU-SMURD Sibiu, 01.01.2014 – 27.02.2017 period.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 31th July 2017
  • Keywords: Prehospital care, Pediatric, Neurologic emergencies, Geospatial location, Emergency services
  • Received: 15th July, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th June, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Carmen Beatrice PĂUNA, Tiberiu DIACONESCU
 

Knowledge based economy, found in more than one fields, started – considering agriculture – from a transition premise towards sustainable agro-food systems. The conceptual boundaries between the two major paradigms on sustainable development of agriculture, namely the agro-industrial paradigm and the integrated territorial paradigm, is used nowadays for teaching and research purpose, as a comparison basis with an ideal case, mostly because we only have hybrid models which tend to coexist, always improving the food and goods production, also promoting innovative agro-food systems. This paper highlights the idea that the establishment of an institutional and legal framework, will have a catalytic role acting as an engine of economic growth and boosting the development of agricultural systems by mobilizing entrepreneurs in agriculture and related areas. In this regard, we present best practices of economic actors engaged in meta network of agriculture clusters.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 17th March 2017
  • Keywords: Sustainable development, Agriculture paradigm, South East Europe agro-food networks
  • Received: 25 November, 2016
  • Final revision and acceptance: 30th December, 2016
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Constantin SASU, Daniela ICHIM
 

The present paper reviews the theory of planned behaviour (Ajzen, 1991), the theory of reasoned action (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975; Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980) and the theory of technology acceptance model (Davis, 1989) in order to better perceive their possible future application in the marketing field, namely in the process of using electronic commerce at the organizational level. While previous empirical studies have focused primarily on one of the theories, in an attempt to rule the advantages and / or disadvantages which would support the findings and hypothesis presented, it is the authors’ belief that all three theories greatly contribute, each one in a unique way. However, several pitfalls in methodology may be encountered, therefore further empirical research is required.

  • Type: Review article
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: E-commerce, Theory of planned behaviour, Theory of reasoned action, Theory of technology acceptance
  • Received: 29th December, 2016
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th February, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Corina ȚIFREA, Raluca COSTACHE, Andreea IONEL
 

Physical education in higher education institutions creates what is called an optimum connection between “to be” and “to become”, within a balanced transition that fosters the full expression of one student’s motric, mental and social potential. The purpose of our research is that of: Identifying various inadequate behaviors (characteristic to sedentary lifestyle) and replacing the latter with some active life specific conducts; Drawing up an action system (didactical project), by using athletism – specific means, in view of creating a new active lifestyle, in the case of those students from non – profile faculties (from the first years of faculty – 18 to 26 years old); The program we have conceived has some visible effects on the building and improving of motric abilities in students from non – profile universities, adjusting one’s body to various intensity strains, and it has some benefic effects on professional activity.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Quality of life, Student, Physical exercise, Motric potential
  • Received: 7th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 7th March, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Andra-Ioana ANDRONICIUC
 

Nowadays, we are witnessing an unprecedented large number of voters who take their daily information from social media. As a result, having a strong online campaign has become a requirement. The United States of America provide a valuable example of how social media have become increasingly more involved in the communication between politicians and voters. That is why this paper aims at bringing evidence from 2016 presidential race, by analyzing the online communication campaigns of finalists Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. Our findings show that even if both candidates’ campaigns successfully engage with the voters, Donald Trump is taking better advantage of social media’s features: embracing immediacy (right now), transparency (unvarnished expression) and risk (rather than caution).

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Social media, Online campaign, USA elections, Donald Tump, Hillary Clinton
  • Received: 15th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th March, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Stelian MANOLACHE
 

In the postmodern-contemporaneity, when, as W. T. Anderson-shows, the-world-religions-can-discover, in full awareness, what divides them and approaches them, and when, as Jean Delumeau emphasizes,"... different-religions-exalt-each-in-its-language, wisdom and compassion, sincerity and humility, which are precious common values , nobody may not wish them disappear"1(Nicolae Achimescu, 2013), the-Orthodox-Church-opens its doors to all the believers-of-the-world awaiting the-love of the Lord, as--Rev Professor Dumitru-Belu writes in-his-iconic-book About love2(Dumitru Belu, 2016), understanding through tolerance and co-existence the inter-religious dialogue. The renewal of the religious world societies will start, in this context, from the hope that the inter-religious dialogue has the faith in its "mission for promoting a globalization capable [...] of sustaining authentic-dialogue-between-religions-and-cultures"3(Dumitru Popescu, 2003). In other words, Orthodoxy is sincerely4(Nicolae Achimescu, 2006) on-the-path-of-the-dialogue, being-aware of-the-need-and-the-utility-of-the-dialogue, but also of the chance, perhaps unique, of making publicits sacred and liturgical tradition, given the fact that it is God „who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth."(I-Timothy-2:4).

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Orthodox Church, Post-modernism, Interreligious dialogue, Emilian Vasilescu, Peace, Solidarisation
  • Received: 6th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Ioana Ancuţa IANCU
 

One of the most important aspects in deciding to trade online, alone, without the help of a broker, is the portfolio profitability. In this study, using the personal experience, survey data and secondary sources, we identify some factors that may influence the gain and the loss of investors which trade online. Our study contradicts other results from literature that claim that the transition from assisted to online trading is a big drawback in terms of portfolio profitability. By analyzing the performance of the portfolio when passing from assisted to online trading, we observe that half of the investors achieved identical profitability. We also observed that the efficiency of the portfolios belonging to the online investors that were assisted in the past by a broker for a short period, is lower compared to the ones assisted (in the past) for a longer period.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Portfolio, Online trading, Investors behavior, Romanian Stock Market
  • Received: 15th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Silvius STANCIU
 

Sustainable rural development represents one of the European Union policy priorities, which focuses on the development of the agricultural sector by means of an increased attention given to rural communities, to the rural environment and to natural resources. The Common Agricultural Policy Reform led to the development of a number of EU mechanisms for funding the national and regional rural development programs. The present paper performs a study on the concentration degree of national and regional funds, obtained through the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, by relying on the Gini Struck Index. The results of the analysis highlighted a moderate fund distribution concentration degree by means of the EAFRD in the EU, as compared to a high rural development program concentration degree at the level of the Member States. The application of the Pearson Test showed that there wasn’t any significant correlation, from a statistical point of view, between the number of LAGs in the EU and the amount of EAFRD funds absorbed by the Member States.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Common agricultural policy, Rural development, EAFRD, Market concentration, Gini Struck Index
  • Received: 21th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Titus SUCIU, Adriana Veronica LITRĂ
 

The current work gives an overview of the evolution of liberalism, the dominating current trend. The authors show that it does not hold the truth in economy because of both financial and democratic slippage. That is why they submit the model of the Sustainable Development where emphasis is put on the real economy which has turned into an economy for everyone and of all the stakeholders, based on the commitment to the community life. If liberalism promotes the interests of the transnational companies, the Sustainable Development focuses on citizens and on their involvement into the life of the city. That is how the triad is formed: transnational companies-state-community, where the citizen holds the central role, directly involved locally.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Liberalism, Sustainable Development, Cooperative Economy, Life Community
  • Received: 14th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Allam YOUSUF
 

Unemployment is one of the most serious crises which confronts countries, and has many negative social effects; it justifies government intervention using mechanisms of the balance of supply and demand. It is one of the most severe problems that the Syrian labor market faces, which is under constant pressure because of the new flows of young people. The aim of this study is to shed light on the concepts which relate to the labor market, and provide a conceptual framework to understand the Syrian labor market during the war, as well as making some recommendations to help the Syrian labor market recover after the war. According to this study findings show that the unemployment rates in Syria remained stable during 2009 – 2010 (8.6%). Subsequently, the rate rose to (14.9%) while in (2012) it rose sharply to (34.9 %) as a result at the end of 2012 the unemployment rate was (26.8%) higher than it was in 2009.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Labor market, Supply, demand, Unemployment
  • Received: 3rd February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Mariana C. JUGANARU, Kamer Ainur M. AIVAZ, Ion Danut I. JUGANARU
 

The study of phenomena and social-economic processes under the aspect of their evolution in time, mainly on a short term or intra-annual represents a preoccupation at a micro and macroeconomic level. For the tourism operators, this process includes knowing the touristic market and the anticipations of its evolution, as an important condition for taking decisions in their activity. The aim of this work is to analyze the touristic activity according to seasonality in Mamaia station, using qualitative and quantitative research methods. The study is important through the aspects that emphasize the specific evolution of the touristic activity from this station. For this aim, a database was formed by the monthly values of three indicators of the touristic activity (number of arrivals, number of overnights and the average duration of the stay) from the period 2010-2016, using a series of statistic and econometric instruments. The results of the research can be proved by the units that maintain or are connected to the touristic activity, but also to the local administration, in making up the attenuation strategy of the touristic activity concerning the seasonality of Mamaia. Also, the work is a case study for the work with the students (especially, for tourism economy, applied statistics in tourism and marketing).

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 9th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Tourism at Mamaia, Seasonality, Indicators of seasonality, Mobile average
  • Received: 25th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Flavius-Andrei GUINEA
 

Economic entities accuse current managerial accounting instruments due to their used indicators, their post operativeness, and their lack of necessary adjustments, short-term target, information handling and decisions taken for various reasons, except the efficiency one. In order to manage a more and more complex organization, located in an uncertain environment, managers require a permanent, real-time, information system. There is no longer sufficient the simple retrospective measurement of results, as there should be provided those instruments that support the decision making process throughout the strategic and operational processes. The implementation of a managerial accounting tool will always interact with the human behavioural dimension. In the initial stage, the actors of an organization will initially manifest reactions of difficult acceptance or even rejection. Each of them will adopt that behaviour which ensures the maximization of its own goals, even if these are, or not, convergent with the organizational objectives.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 9th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Managerial accounting, Managerial objectives, Implementation, Normalization, Manipulation, Behavioural dimension
  • Received: 27th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Boby COSTI, Marius BOIŢĂ, Gheorghe PRIBEANU, Luminita PĂIUŞAN, Ionela Mihaela MILUTIN, Eduard AJTAY
 

This paper addresses the issue of cash-flow tool for financial planning, cash flow calculation by applying the indirect method within a company in the field of tourism. Thus, it tackled issues concerning the organization of accounting of treasury which made a presentation of the subject reflected in treasury accounting record of the existence and movement of securities placement, availability of the accounts at banks, short term bank loans and other cash values. The importance of access to information as well as more detailed and clearer leads to an upward trend of the tourism society. Standardization of definitions helps to ensure that all parties are talking of the same terms or concepts with lower or no variables. This is essential for developers and contractors in different geographical regions of the world and different countries when they discuss issues of tourism and travel.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 9th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Tourism, Travel, Cash flow, Financial planning, Investment securities
  • Received: 13th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Anca BUTNARIU
 

Co-branding is an increasingly used strategy, consisting of marketing products representing two brands or more. Ingredient branding fits in the scope of co-branding, consisting of the inclusion of key attributes of one brand into another brand as ingredients. Ingredient branding is one of the many brand strategies used in marketing to provide differentiation criteria for the customers. In recent years, its importance and incidence have dramatically increased Extant research provides disparate and limited understanding of contexts in which such contracts pay off. Our paper provides an extensive review of literature and research streams in ingredient branding, adding knowledge to theory and help for companies that need to establish and maintain a competitive advantage, by differentiating their offer on the markets they act on, in a globalized economy.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Ingredient branding, Differentiation strategies, Competitive advantage
  • Received: 26th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Yahya Z. ALSHEHHI
 

This work aimes to define the concept of human development measured according to United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The paper sheds light on the reality of human development in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) through the evolution of the human development dimensions, which reflects the achievements made in terms of human development by analyzing through nationally and internationally description. The study used comparison and descriptive method. The study found that UAE made a progressive improvement position at national level over time and at international level compared to most developing and developed countries. In term of Gross National Income (GNI)per capita income showed a decline through time series, and a gain in life acceptancy at birth and a mean rate in schooling years.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Human development index, Human development indicators, Human development dimensions, Human development components, Human development measurement, UAE
  • Received: 14th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Veronica Ioana ILIEȘ
 

The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is today one of the most discussed both by literature and business leaders. The reason is that CSR is a good business opportunity and innovation and a research and study field quite new but relevant. In the dynamic economy of the world, corporate social responsibility has the ability to bring “win-win” results both for companies and the communities in which they operate. In Romania, corporate social responsibility is a growing process, attracting the attention of both researchers and companies. This study’s intention is to make a contribution to the literature and practice of CSR, highlighting the companies that have corporate social responsibility activities in Cluj-Napoca city. The study’s main research method is the content analysis of the national CSR map made by the www.crsmedia.ro (online portal - a platform exclusively dedicated to CSR trends and activity in Romania), focusing on Cluj-Napoca city.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, Companies, Social implication, CSR Map, Cluj-Napoca
  • Received: 12th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Eugenia IOVĂNAȘ
 

According to art. 34 par. 1 from the UGO no. 34/2001, the court settling the complaint against the offence notice, verifying the legality and substantiality of same, decides on the sanction without distinguishing between the main and the supplementary sanctions. From corroborating these legal provisions with the stipulations under art. 5 from the same normative act, according to which the established sanction must be proportional with the degree of social danger of the committed act, without making differences between the types of sanctions, as well as those of art. 5 and art. 6 according to which the supplementary sanctions are to be applied depending on the nature and seriousness of the fact, it results that the law enforcer has also decided on the right of the court to assess inclusively the proportionality of the sanction in case of applying the supplementary measures, not only in applying main sanctions. And this is so because the proportionality of the committed act and its consequences is one of the requirements demanded by the ECHR jurisprudence in the matter of applying any rights restrictive measures.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Contraventional/social sanction, The contraventional law, Social danger, The Government’s Order 2/2001, Individualize the sanction
  • Received: 18th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Éva DARABOS, Bernadett BÉRESNÉ MÁRTHA
 

The factoring scheme was developed by the competition between the market operators and the need for the most favourable conditions of sale. The seller is constrained to provide loans on a broad scale therefore the seller may have liquidity problems. In cases of this kind, the seller can apply to a factoring company in order to access sources, instead of a bank loan. The factoring service has a price. Decision of the financial managers can largely contribute to choosing the appropriate funding form to retain the continuous liquidity situation of an enterprise. Aim of the article is to present the main tendencies of the factoring turnover in international comparisons, highlighting the characteristics of the financial service by its direction, sectorial distribution and customer size in Hungary. It has been estimated that the factoring financing approaches 10% of the short-term loan stocks of SMEs required from banks which indicates that the factoring is now far beyond the marginal financial service but it is an essential element of the short-term financing toolkit.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Financial service, Factoring, Lending, Liquidity
  • Received: 19th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Iulia Elena DIACONU, Carmen Rodica ANTON, Emil ANTON, Dumitru FILIPEANU
 

Neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) receives increasing attention since, it plays a role in various behaviors including anxiety, drug addiction, learning, social recognition, empathy, pair bonding and decreased aggression. The central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA), part of the limbic system, plays an important role in learning, memory, anxiety and reinforcing mechanisms. Oxytocin receptors are found in the tissues of the cardiovascular system, reproductive system, brain, and are activated by exposure to specific stimuli. The bestknown stimuli related to reproduction are sucking, birth, cervical stimulation during sexual intercourse. Changes in the oxytocinergic system play a fundamental role in the development of autism, mental disorders, including eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, with direct impact on the patient’s cognition and social behavior. Some researchers have observed that intranasal Oxytocin (OT) is a potential treatment for multiple neuropsychiatric disorders. As oxytocin is a peptide, delivery by the intranasal (IN) route is the preferred method in clinical studies. Although studies have shown increased cerebrospinal fluid oxytocin levels following intranasal administration, this does not unequivocably demonstrate that the peripherally administered oxytocin is entering the cerebrospinal fluid. For example, it has been suggested that peripheral delivery of oxytocin could lead to central release of endogenous oxytocin. It is also unknown whether the intranasal route provides for more efficient entry of the peptide into the CSF compared to the intravenous (IV) route, which requires blood–brain barrier penetration.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Oxytocin OT, Motor reflexes, Psychomotor development, Intranasal oxytocin, Oxytocin possible positive effects, Neuropsychiatric disorders
  • Received: 26th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Delia NICOLAICIUC, Gabriela SIMIONESCU, Sorana Caterina ANTON, Maria BOLOTA, Emil ANTON, Iulia DIACONU, Dumitru FILIPEANU
 

Radical trachelectomy is an established method of fertility sparing in female patients with early stage cervical cancer. This paper aims to review the series of obstetric and reproductive challenges that may arise following trachelectomy. Additionally, the article emphasized the pregnancy rates achieved after radical abdominal trachelectomy, as presented in studies conducted worldwide, since patients who undergo trachelectomy usually need assisted reproductive technologies to conceive and the pregnancy have a higher risk of preterm birth therefore, the patients should be monitored carefuly by a multidisciplinary team composed of obstetricians, neonatologists and oncologists. Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer affecting women of reproductive age. In women of reproductive age, cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer diagnosed, however nowdays, women diagnosed in early stage who want to conceive children have the opportunity to do so due to the minimum invasive, fertility-sparing procedure such as trachelectomy.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Trachelectomy, Cervical cancer, Fertility preservation, Pelvic lymphadenectomy, Obstetric outcomes after trachelectomy
  • Received: 26th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Gabriela SIMIONESCU, Bogdan DOROFTEI, Sorana Caterina ANTON, Emil ANTON, Delia NICOLAICIUC, Maria BOLOTA, Iulia DIACONU, Dumitru FILIPEANU
 

This review summarizes aspects regarding the national program for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer in Romania, emphasizing on the ethical, legal and social challenges associated with assisted reproduction technologies. Romania is one of the few countries from the European Union that does not have a specific law for human assisted reproduction, but infertile couples in Romania may benefit from the national program for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer although, unfortunately, the allocated public funds are not in line with the demand. There are a series of inclusion criteria when applying for the program and unlike other countries, only one in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure may be publicly funded. Despite the legal, ethical and social challenges, this program, however, represents an extremely important step in aligning our country with the standards of other developed countries.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: In vitro fertilization, Embryo, Ethical issues, Assisted reproduction technologies, Human assisted reproduction, National IVF and embryo transfer program
  • Received: 26th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Ioana Ancuţa IANCU, Veronica MAIER
 

In a technology era, institutions have to be present on the World Wide Web (www), not only because of the competitiveness but also for a better presentation of their academic offers. Being a communication channel, universities’ websites must contain a series of information addressed not only to students or future students but also to the foreign students, academic staff, governmental institutions and press. While assessing Romania’s and Bulgaria’s Technical Universities’ websites, in March 2017, we searched and analyzed 104 criterion. We have grouped them into four dimensions: content, interactivity, navigation and appearance. Each criterion and dimension received a certain score (a grade for the presence / absence of a criterion) using the ProfNet procedure. Of the two countries that we have analyzed (Romania and Bulgaria) we have concluded, that the websites of the Romanian Universities possess a little more functionalities, gathering a score of 14.39 points (the means on all dimensions), compared to the Bulgarian ones which scored 14.25 points.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Technical Universities, Romania, Bulgaria, Website
  • Received: 11th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Cristina Elena NICOLESCU, Crina Ramona RADULESCU, Ioana Teodora BITOIU
 

Public services decentralization is a major concern for policy makers when it comes to identifying the optimum model for reorganizing these services, in light of the 3Es of the organizational performance. The field experiences show that this process is different both from one state to another, and depending on the targeted activity sector, out of which the local transport service is distinguished as an ‘institutional orphan’. Taking into account one of the smart-cities’ recognition criteria, the urban mobility, the paper aims at substantiating that, despite the specific incrementalism of the public services decentralization, having a negative impact upon the services’ efficiency, in the case of local transport service, recognizing the right to mobility and the need to ensuring the environment for exercising this right, impels the ‘bureaucratic apparatus’ to accelerate and consolidate the decentralization of this service. Therefore, the paper puts forward a case study on the impact of decentralization upon the local public transport service of Bucharest municipality.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Local administration, Local public transport service reorganisation, Urban mobility, Bucharest
  • Received: 15th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Cezar Corneliu MANDA, Cristina Elena NICOLESCU, Dana MORTELMANS
 

The paper, on the coordinates of the analysis of the problematic of financing culture institutions within the European Union member states, performs a comparative analysis focused on the financing mechanism available to the cultural sector, created both at the level of the public, and of the private sector. For the comparative analysis, the paper selected several EU member states, grouped on four geographical areas (North, South, East and Center). The analysis performed in the paper emphasized that most EU member states make significant efforts to finance the cultural sector, but the effects of the economic crisis have had a negative impact on this financing, causing, from this perspective, a gap between the states in the north and center of the EU, on the one hand, and the states in the south and east of the EU, on the other hand and outlining a cultural Europe with two peripheries.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: EU, Cultural sector, Financing mechanisms, Economic-financial crisis
  • Received: 15th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Magdalena VELCIU, Liliana GRECU
 

Romanian youth migration is an increasing phenomenon, due to subjective and objective factors as economical reasons, professional carrer and increasingly more international competition for talent. In these circumstances, the present article aims to evaluate determinant factors that contribute to the decision of Romanian graduates to return national labour market. We sustain that young Romanians consider carefully and hardly decide their professional future. A particular attention is given to their personal reasons and motivations as well as family and friends network. For designing returning factors we present the results of a questionnaire survey, asking young pupils and students about their future educational way and personal reasons underlying the decision to study in a foreign country and taking into consideration the returning decision. As far international student migration is seen as a first step to migration for work, our work desires to fight for returning home of Romanian well-educated graduates.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: International student migration, Return migration, Brain drain
  • Received: 17th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Gabriel-Cristian CONSTANTINESCU
 

Identifying the sources of conflict in a supply chain is the starting point of managing conflicts along chain and initiating the proper actions for lasting outcomes. An extended review of literature on sources of supply chain conflict was concluded with an ample list of various causes. The conflicts sources were classified in 8 categories: commercial, financial, logistics, management, quality, relationship along the chain, inter-personal communication and business environment. The main identified category of conflict sources was relationship along the chain, but commercial, financial, management and logistics were also important categories of conflict cause. The overall analysis emphasizes a fishbone diagram of supply chain conflict causes, having the 8 identified categories as branches and being highly developed with the related sources. This general diagram could be a good lead-off for a deeper analysis of conflict causes in a particular supply chain.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Supply chain, Conflicts, Fishbone diagram
  • Received: 18th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Ana-Maria ZAMFIR, Cristina MOCANU
 

Education is one of the most important factors influencing income and wellbeing of individuals. Participation to education and its outcomes are spatially patterned. Educational disparities between various social groups who are concentrated in different areas appear at the intersection of their resources (economic, social, cultural, symbolic) and the way the education systems available to them function (Ballas, 2012). The present paper explores statistics on education enrolment, school dropout and education outcomes at county level in Romania, with focus on primary and lower secondary education. Our results are relevant for better informing policies aiming at reduction of early school leaving and improving transition to higher levels of education.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Education participation, School dropout, Education outcomes, Educational inequality, Spatial analysis
  • Received: 18th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017