Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Carmen Beatrice PĂUNA, Tiberiu DIACONESCU
 

Knowledge based economy, found in more than one fields, started – considering agriculture – from a transition premise towards sustainable agro-food systems. The conceptual boundaries between the two major paradigms on sustainable development of agriculture, namely the agro-industrial paradigm and the integrated territorial paradigm, is used nowadays for teaching and research purpose, as a comparison basis with an ideal case, mostly because we only have hybrid models which tend to coexist, always improving the food and goods production, also promoting innovative agro-food systems. This paper highlights the idea that the establishment of an institutional and legal framework, will have a catalytic role acting as an engine of economic growth and boosting the development of agricultural systems by mobilizing entrepreneurs in agriculture and related areas. In this regard, we present best practices of economic actors engaged in meta network of agriculture clusters.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 17th March 2017
  • Keywords: Sustainable development, Agriculture paradigm, South East Europe agro-food networks
  • Received: 25 November, 2016
  • Final revision and acceptance: 30th December, 2016
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Constantin SASU, Daniela ICHIM
 

The present paper reviews the theory of planned behaviour (Ajzen, 1991), the theory of reasoned action (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975; Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980) and the theory of technology acceptance model (Davis, 1989) in order to better perceive their possible future application in the marketing field, namely in the process of using electronic commerce at the organizational level. While previous empirical studies have focused primarily on one of the theories, in an attempt to rule the advantages and / or disadvantages which would support the findings and hypothesis presented, it is the authors’ belief that all three theories greatly contribute, each one in a unique way. However, several pitfalls in methodology may be encountered, therefore further empirical research is required.

  • Type: Review article
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: E-commerce, Theory of planned behaviour, Theory of reasoned action, Theory of technology acceptance
  • Received: 29th December, 2016
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th February, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Corina ȚIFREA, Raluca COSTACHE, Andreea IONEL
 

Physical education in higher education institutions creates what is called an optimum connection between “to be” and “to become”, within a balanced transition that fosters the full expression of one student’s motric, mental and social potential. The purpose of our research is that of: Identifying various inadequate behaviors (characteristic to sedentary lifestyle) and replacing the latter with some active life specific conducts; Drawing up an action system (didactical project), by using athletism – specific means, in view of creating a new active lifestyle, in the case of those students from non – profile faculties (from the first years of faculty – 18 to 26 years old); The program we have conceived has some visible effects on the building and improving of motric abilities in students from non – profile universities, adjusting one’s body to various intensity strains, and it has some benefic effects on professional activity.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Quality of life, Student, Physical exercise, Motric potential
  • Received: 7th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 7th March, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Andra-Ioana ANDRONICIUC
 

Nowadays, we are witnessing an unprecedented large number of voters who take their daily information from social media. As a result, having a strong online campaign has become a requirement. The United States of America provide a valuable example of how social media have become increasingly more involved in the communication between politicians and voters. That is why this paper aims at bringing evidence from 2016 presidential race, by analyzing the online communication campaigns of finalists Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. Our findings show that even if both candidates’ campaigns successfully engage with the voters, Donald Trump is taking better advantage of social media’s features: embracing immediacy (right now), transparency (unvarnished expression) and risk (rather than caution).

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Social media, Online campaign, USA elections, Donald Tump, Hillary Clinton
  • Received: 15th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th March, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Stelian MANOLACHE
 

In the postmodern-contemporaneity, when, as W. T. Anderson-shows, the-world-religions-can-discover, in full awareness, what divides them and approaches them, and when, as Jean Delumeau emphasizes,"... different-religions-exalt-each-in-its-language, wisdom and compassion, sincerity and humility, which are precious common values , nobody may not wish them disappear"1(Nicolae Achimescu, 2013), the-Orthodox-Church-opens its doors to all the believers-of-the-world awaiting the-love of the Lord, as--Rev Professor Dumitru-Belu writes in-his-iconic-book About love2(Dumitru Belu, 2016), understanding through tolerance and co-existence the inter-religious dialogue. The renewal of the religious world societies will start, in this context, from the hope that the inter-religious dialogue has the faith in its "mission for promoting a globalization capable [...] of sustaining authentic-dialogue-between-religions-and-cultures"3(Dumitru Popescu, 2003). In other words, Orthodoxy is sincerely4(Nicolae Achimescu, 2006) on-the-path-of-the-dialogue, being-aware of-the-need-and-the-utility-of-the-dialogue, but also of the chance, perhaps unique, of making publicits sacred and liturgical tradition, given the fact that it is God „who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth."(I-Timothy-2:4).

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Orthodox Church, Post-modernism, Interreligious dialogue, Emilian Vasilescu, Peace, Solidarisation
  • Received: 6th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Ioana Ancuţa IANCU
 

One of the most important aspects in deciding to trade online, alone, without the help of a broker, is the portfolio profitability. In this study, using the personal experience, survey data and secondary sources, we identify some factors that may influence the gain and the loss of investors which trade online. Our study contradicts other results from literature that claim that the transition from assisted to online trading is a big drawback in terms of portfolio profitability. By analyzing the performance of the portfolio when passing from assisted to online trading, we observe that half of the investors achieved identical profitability. We also observed that the efficiency of the portfolios belonging to the online investors that were assisted in the past by a broker for a short period, is lower compared to the ones assisted (in the past) for a longer period.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Portfolio, Online trading, Investors behavior, Romanian Stock Market
  • Received: 15th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Silvius STANCIU
 

Sustainable rural development represents one of the European Union policy priorities, which focuses on the development of the agricultural sector by means of an increased attention given to rural communities, to the rural environment and to natural resources. The Common Agricultural Policy Reform led to the development of a number of EU mechanisms for funding the national and regional rural development programs. The present paper performs a study on the concentration degree of national and regional funds, obtained through the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, by relying on the Gini Struck Index. The results of the analysis highlighted a moderate fund distribution concentration degree by means of the EAFRD in the EU, as compared to a high rural development program concentration degree at the level of the Member States. The application of the Pearson Test showed that there wasn’t any significant correlation, from a statistical point of view, between the number of LAGs in the EU and the amount of EAFRD funds absorbed by the Member States.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Common agricultural policy, Rural development, EAFRD, Market concentration, Gini Struck Index
  • Received: 21th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Titus SUCIU, Adriana Veronica LITRĂ
 

The current work gives an overview of the evolution of liberalism, the dominating current trend. The authors show that it does not hold the truth in economy because of both financial and democratic slippage. That is why they submit the model of the Sustainable Development where emphasis is put on the real economy which has turned into an economy for everyone and of all the stakeholders, based on the commitment to the community life. If liberalism promotes the interests of the transnational companies, the Sustainable Development focuses on citizens and on their involvement into the life of the city. That is how the triad is formed: transnational companies-state-community, where the citizen holds the central role, directly involved locally.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Liberalism, Sustainable Development, Cooperative Economy, Life Community
  • Received: 14th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Allam YOUSUF
 

Unemployment is one of the most serious crises which confronts countries, and has many negative social effects; it justifies government intervention using mechanisms of the balance of supply and demand. It is one of the most severe problems that the Syrian labor market faces, which is under constant pressure because of the new flows of young people. The aim of this study is to shed light on the concepts which relate to the labor market, and provide a conceptual framework to understand the Syrian labor market during the war, as well as making some recommendations to help the Syrian labor market recover after the war. According to this study findings show that the unemployment rates in Syria remained stable during 2009 – 2010 (8.6%). Subsequently, the rate rose to (14.9%) while in (2012) it rose sharply to (34.9 %) as a result at the end of 2012 the unemployment rate was (26.8%) higher than it was in 2009.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Labor market, Supply, demand, Unemployment
  • Received: 3rd February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Mariana C. JUGANARU, Kamer Ainur M. AIVAZ, Ion Danut I. JUGANARU
 

The study of phenomena and social-economic processes under the aspect of their evolution in time, mainly on a short term or intra-annual represents a preoccupation at a micro and macroeconomic level. For the tourism operators, this process includes knowing the touristic market and the anticipations of its evolution, as an important condition for taking decisions in their activity. The aim of this work is to analyze the touristic activity according to seasonality in Mamaia station, using qualitative and quantitative research methods. The study is important through the aspects that emphasize the specific evolution of the touristic activity from this station. For this aim, a database was formed by the monthly values of three indicators of the touristic activity (number of arrivals, number of overnights and the average duration of the stay) from the period 2010-2016, using a series of statistic and econometric instruments. The results of the research can be proved by the units that maintain or are connected to the touristic activity, but also to the local administration, in making up the attenuation strategy of the touristic activity concerning the seasonality of Mamaia. Also, the work is a case study for the work with the students (especially, for tourism economy, applied statistics in tourism and marketing).

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 9th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Tourism at Mamaia, Seasonality, Indicators of seasonality, Mobile average
  • Received: 25th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Flavius-Andrei GUINEA
 

Economic entities accuse current managerial accounting instruments due to their used indicators, their post operativeness, and their lack of necessary adjustments, short-term target, information handling and decisions taken for various reasons, except the efficiency one. In order to manage a more and more complex organization, located in an uncertain environment, managers require a permanent, real-time, information system. There is no longer sufficient the simple retrospective measurement of results, as there should be provided those instruments that support the decision making process throughout the strategic and operational processes. The implementation of a managerial accounting tool will always interact with the human behavioural dimension. In the initial stage, the actors of an organization will initially manifest reactions of difficult acceptance or even rejection. Each of them will adopt that behaviour which ensures the maximization of its own goals, even if these are, or not, convergent with the organizational objectives.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 9th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Managerial accounting, Managerial objectives, Implementation, Normalization, Manipulation, Behavioural dimension
  • Received: 27th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Boby COSTI, Marius BOIŢĂ, Gheorghe PRIBEANU, Luminita PĂIUŞAN, Ionela Mihaela MILUTIN, Eduard AJTAY
 

This paper addresses the issue of cash-flow tool for financial planning, cash flow calculation by applying the indirect method within a company in the field of tourism. Thus, it tackled issues concerning the organization of accounting of treasury which made a presentation of the subject reflected in treasury accounting record of the existence and movement of securities placement, availability of the accounts at banks, short term bank loans and other cash values. The importance of access to information as well as more detailed and clearer leads to an upward trend of the tourism society. Standardization of definitions helps to ensure that all parties are talking of the same terms or concepts with lower or no variables. This is essential for developers and contractors in different geographical regions of the world and different countries when they discuss issues of tourism and travel.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 9th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Tourism, Travel, Cash flow, Financial planning, Investment securities
  • Received: 13th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Anca BUTNARIU
 

Co-branding is an increasingly used strategy, consisting of marketing products representing two brands or more. Ingredient branding fits in the scope of co-branding, consisting of the inclusion of key attributes of one brand into another brand as ingredients. Ingredient branding is one of the many brand strategies used in marketing to provide differentiation criteria for the customers. In recent years, its importance and incidence have dramatically increased Extant research provides disparate and limited understanding of contexts in which such contracts pay off. Our paper provides an extensive review of literature and research streams in ingredient branding, adding knowledge to theory and help for companies that need to establish and maintain a competitive advantage, by differentiating their offer on the markets they act on, in a globalized economy.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Ingredient branding, Differentiation strategies, Competitive advantage
  • Received: 26th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Yahya Z. ALSHEHHI
 

This work aimes to define the concept of human development measured according to United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The paper sheds light on the reality of human development in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) through the evolution of the human development dimensions, which reflects the achievements made in terms of human development by analyzing through nationally and internationally description. The study used comparison and descriptive method. The study found that UAE made a progressive improvement position at national level over time and at international level compared to most developing and developed countries. In term of Gross National Income (GNI)per capita income showed a decline through time series, and a gain in life acceptancy at birth and a mean rate in schooling years.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Human development index, Human development indicators, Human development dimensions, Human development components, Human development measurement, UAE
  • Received: 14th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Veronica Ioana ILIEȘ
 

The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is today one of the most discussed both by literature and business leaders. The reason is that CSR is a good business opportunity and innovation and a research and study field quite new but relevant. In the dynamic economy of the world, corporate social responsibility has the ability to bring “win-win” results both for companies and the communities in which they operate. In Romania, corporate social responsibility is a growing process, attracting the attention of both researchers and companies. This study’s intention is to make a contribution to the literature and practice of CSR, highlighting the companies that have corporate social responsibility activities in Cluj-Napoca city. The study’s main research method is the content analysis of the national CSR map made by the www.crsmedia.ro (online portal - a platform exclusively dedicated to CSR trends and activity in Romania), focusing on Cluj-Napoca city.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, Companies, Social implication, CSR Map, Cluj-Napoca
  • Received: 12th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Eugenia IOVĂNAȘ
 

According to art. 34 par. 1 from the UGO no. 34/2001, the court settling the complaint against the offence notice, verifying the legality and substantiality of same, decides on the sanction without distinguishing between the main and the supplementary sanctions. From corroborating these legal provisions with the stipulations under art. 5 from the same normative act, according to which the established sanction must be proportional with the degree of social danger of the committed act, without making differences between the types of sanctions, as well as those of art. 5 and art. 6 according to which the supplementary sanctions are to be applied depending on the nature and seriousness of the fact, it results that the law enforcer has also decided on the right of the court to assess inclusively the proportionality of the sanction in case of applying the supplementary measures, not only in applying main sanctions. And this is so because the proportionality of the committed act and its consequences is one of the requirements demanded by the ECHR jurisprudence in the matter of applying any rights restrictive measures.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Contraventional/social sanction, The contraventional law, Social danger, The Government’s Order 2/2001, Individualize the sanction
  • Received: 18th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Éva DARABOS, Bernadett BÉRESNÉ MÁRTHA
 

The factoring scheme was developed by the competition between the market operators and the need for the most favourable conditions of sale. The seller is constrained to provide loans on a broad scale therefore the seller may have liquidity problems. In cases of this kind, the seller can apply to a factoring company in order to access sources, instead of a bank loan. The factoring service has a price. Decision of the financial managers can largely contribute to choosing the appropriate funding form to retain the continuous liquidity situation of an enterprise. Aim of the article is to present the main tendencies of the factoring turnover in international comparisons, highlighting the characteristics of the financial service by its direction, sectorial distribution and customer size in Hungary. It has been estimated that the factoring financing approaches 10% of the short-term loan stocks of SMEs required from banks which indicates that the factoring is now far beyond the marginal financial service but it is an essential element of the short-term financing toolkit.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Financial service, Factoring, Lending, Liquidity
  • Received: 19th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Iulia Elena DIACONU, Carmen Rodica ANTON, Emil ANTON, Dumitru FILIPEANU
 

Neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) receives increasing attention since, it plays a role in various behaviors including anxiety, drug addiction, learning, social recognition, empathy, pair bonding and decreased aggression. The central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA), part of the limbic system, plays an important role in learning, memory, anxiety and reinforcing mechanisms. Oxytocin receptors are found in the tissues of the cardiovascular system, reproductive system, brain, and are activated by exposure to specific stimuli. The bestknown stimuli related to reproduction are sucking, birth, cervical stimulation during sexual intercourse. Changes in the oxytocinergic system play a fundamental role in the development of autism, mental disorders, including eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, with direct impact on the patient’s cognition and social behavior. Some researchers have observed that intranasal Oxytocin (OT) is a potential treatment for multiple neuropsychiatric disorders. As oxytocin is a peptide, delivery by the intranasal (IN) route is the preferred method in clinical studies. Although studies have shown increased cerebrospinal fluid oxytocin levels following intranasal administration, this does not unequivocably demonstrate that the peripherally administered oxytocin is entering the cerebrospinal fluid. For example, it has been suggested that peripheral delivery of oxytocin could lead to central release of endogenous oxytocin. It is also unknown whether the intranasal route provides for more efficient entry of the peptide into the CSF compared to the intravenous (IV) route, which requires blood–brain barrier penetration.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Oxytocin OT, Motor reflexes, Psychomotor development, Intranasal oxytocin, Oxytocin possible positive effects, Neuropsychiatric disorders
  • Received: 26th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Delia NICOLAICIUC, Gabriela SIMIONESCU, Sorana Caterina ANTON, Maria BOLOTA, Emil ANTON, Iulia DIACONU, Dumitru FILIPEANU
 

Radical trachelectomy is an established method of fertility sparing in female patients with early stage cervical cancer. This paper aims to review the series of obstetric and reproductive challenges that may arise following trachelectomy. Additionally, the article emphasized the pregnancy rates achieved after radical abdominal trachelectomy, as presented in studies conducted worldwide, since patients who undergo trachelectomy usually need assisted reproductive technologies to conceive and the pregnancy have a higher risk of preterm birth therefore, the patients should be monitored carefuly by a multidisciplinary team composed of obstetricians, neonatologists and oncologists. Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer affecting women of reproductive age. In women of reproductive age, cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer diagnosed, however nowdays, women diagnosed in early stage who want to conceive children have the opportunity to do so due to the minimum invasive, fertility-sparing procedure such as trachelectomy.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Trachelectomy, Cervical cancer, Fertility preservation, Pelvic lymphadenectomy, Obstetric outcomes after trachelectomy
  • Received: 26th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Gabriela SIMIONESCU, Bogdan DOROFTEI, Sorana Caterina ANTON, Emil ANTON, Delia NICOLAICIUC, Maria BOLOTA, Iulia DIACONU, Dumitru FILIPEANU
 

This review summarizes aspects regarding the national program for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer in Romania, emphasizing on the ethical, legal and social challenges associated with assisted reproduction technologies. Romania is one of the few countries from the European Union that does not have a specific law for human assisted reproduction, but infertile couples in Romania may benefit from the national program for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer although, unfortunately, the allocated public funds are not in line with the demand. There are a series of inclusion criteria when applying for the program and unlike other countries, only one in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure may be publicly funded. Despite the legal, ethical and social challenges, this program, however, represents an extremely important step in aligning our country with the standards of other developed countries.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: In vitro fertilization, Embryo, Ethical issues, Assisted reproduction technologies, Human assisted reproduction, National IVF and embryo transfer program
  • Received: 26th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Ioana Ancuţa IANCU, Veronica MAIER
 

In a technology era, institutions have to be present on the World Wide Web (www), not only because of the competitiveness but also for a better presentation of their academic offers. Being a communication channel, universities’ websites must contain a series of information addressed not only to students or future students but also to the foreign students, academic staff, governmental institutions and press. While assessing Romania’s and Bulgaria’s Technical Universities’ websites, in March 2017, we searched and analyzed 104 criterion. We have grouped them into four dimensions: content, interactivity, navigation and appearance. Each criterion and dimension received a certain score (a grade for the presence / absence of a criterion) using the ProfNet procedure. Of the two countries that we have analyzed (Romania and Bulgaria) we have concluded, that the websites of the Romanian Universities possess a little more functionalities, gathering a score of 14.39 points (the means on all dimensions), compared to the Bulgarian ones which scored 14.25 points.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Technical Universities, Romania, Bulgaria, Website
  • Received: 11th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Cristina Elena NICOLESCU, Crina Ramona RADULESCU, Ioana Teodora BITOIU
 

Public services decentralization is a major concern for policy makers when it comes to identifying the optimum model for reorganizing these services, in light of the 3Es of the organizational performance. The field experiences show that this process is different both from one state to another, and depending on the targeted activity sector, out of which the local transport service is distinguished as an ‘institutional orphan’. Taking into account one of the smart-cities’ recognition criteria, the urban mobility, the paper aims at substantiating that, despite the specific incrementalism of the public services decentralization, having a negative impact upon the services’ efficiency, in the case of local transport service, recognizing the right to mobility and the need to ensuring the environment for exercising this right, impels the ‘bureaucratic apparatus’ to accelerate and consolidate the decentralization of this service. Therefore, the paper puts forward a case study on the impact of decentralization upon the local public transport service of Bucharest municipality.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Local administration, Local public transport service reorganisation, Urban mobility, Bucharest
  • Received: 15th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Cezar Corneliu MANDA, Cristina Elena NICOLESCU, Dana MORTELMANS
 

The paper, on the coordinates of the analysis of the problematic of financing culture institutions within the European Union member states, performs a comparative analysis focused on the financing mechanism available to the cultural sector, created both at the level of the public, and of the private sector. For the comparative analysis, the paper selected several EU member states, grouped on four geographical areas (North, South, East and Center). The analysis performed in the paper emphasized that most EU member states make significant efforts to finance the cultural sector, but the effects of the economic crisis have had a negative impact on this financing, causing, from this perspective, a gap between the states in the north and center of the EU, on the one hand, and the states in the south and east of the EU, on the other hand and outlining a cultural Europe with two peripheries.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: EU, Cultural sector, Financing mechanisms, Economic-financial crisis
  • Received: 15th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Magdalena VELCIU, Liliana GRECU
 

Romanian youth migration is an increasing phenomenon, due to subjective and objective factors as economical reasons, professional carrer and increasingly more international competition for talent. In these circumstances, the present article aims to evaluate determinant factors that contribute to the decision of Romanian graduates to return national labour market. We sustain that young Romanians consider carefully and hardly decide their professional future. A particular attention is given to their personal reasons and motivations as well as family and friends network. For designing returning factors we present the results of a questionnaire survey, asking young pupils and students about their future educational way and personal reasons underlying the decision to study in a foreign country and taking into consideration the returning decision. As far international student migration is seen as a first step to migration for work, our work desires to fight for returning home of Romanian well-educated graduates.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: International student migration, Return migration, Brain drain
  • Received: 17th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Gabriel-Cristian CONSTANTINESCU
 

Identifying the sources of conflict in a supply chain is the starting point of managing conflicts along chain and initiating the proper actions for lasting outcomes. An extended review of literature on sources of supply chain conflict was concluded with an ample list of various causes. The conflicts sources were classified in 8 categories: commercial, financial, logistics, management, quality, relationship along the chain, inter-personal communication and business environment. The main identified category of conflict sources was relationship along the chain, but commercial, financial, management and logistics were also important categories of conflict cause. The overall analysis emphasizes a fishbone diagram of supply chain conflict causes, having the 8 identified categories as branches and being highly developed with the related sources. This general diagram could be a good lead-off for a deeper analysis of conflict causes in a particular supply chain.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Supply chain, Conflicts, Fishbone diagram
  • Received: 18th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
Issue 13
Ana-Maria ZAMFIR, Cristina MOCANU
 

Education is one of the most important factors influencing income and wellbeing of individuals. Participation to education and its outcomes are spatially patterned. Educational disparities between various social groups who are concentrated in different areas appear at the intersection of their resources (economic, social, cultural, symbolic) and the way the education systems available to them function (Ballas, 2012). The present paper explores statistics on education enrolment, school dropout and education outcomes at county level in Romania, with focus on primary and lower secondary education. Our results are relevant for better informing policies aiming at reduction of early school leaving and improving transition to higher levels of education.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Education participation, School dropout, Education outcomes, Educational inequality, Spatial analysis
  • Received: 18th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th May, 2017