Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Carmen Beatrice PĂUNA, Tiberiu DIACONESCU
 

Knowledge based economy, found in more than one fields, started – considering agriculture – from a transition premise towards sustainable agro-food systems. The conceptual boundaries between the two major paradigms on sustainable development of agriculture, namely the agro-industrial paradigm and the integrated territorial paradigm, is used nowadays for teaching and research purpose, as a comparison basis with an ideal case, mostly because we only have hybrid models which tend to coexist, always improving the food and goods production, also promoting innovative agro-food systems. This paper highlights the idea that the establishment of an institutional and legal framework, will have a catalytic role acting as an engine of economic growth and boosting the development of agricultural systems by mobilizing entrepreneurs in agriculture and related areas. In this regard, we present best practices of economic actors engaged in meta network of agriculture clusters.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 17th March 2017
  • Keywords: Sustainable development, Agriculture paradigm, South East Europe agro-food networks
  • Received: 25 November, 2016
  • Final revision and acceptance: 30th December, 2016
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Constantin SASU, Daniela ICHIM
 

The present paper reviews the theory of planned behaviour (Ajzen, 1991), the theory of reasoned action (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975; Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980) and the theory of technology acceptance model (Davis, 1989) in order to better perceive their possible future application in the marketing field, namely in the process of using electronic commerce at the organizational level. While previous empirical studies have focused primarily on one of the theories, in an attempt to rule the advantages and / or disadvantages which would support the findings and hypothesis presented, it is the authors’ belief that all three theories greatly contribute, each one in a unique way. However, several pitfalls in methodology may be encountered, therefore further empirical research is required.

  • Type: Review article
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: E-commerce, Theory of planned behaviour, Theory of reasoned action, Theory of technology acceptance
  • Received: 29th December, 2016
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th February, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Corina ȚIFREA, Raluca COSTACHE, Andreea IONEL
 

Physical education in higher education institutions creates what is called an optimum connection between “to be” and “to become”, within a balanced transition that fosters the full expression of one student’s motric, mental and social potential. The purpose of our research is that of: Identifying various inadequate behaviors (characteristic to sedentary lifestyle) and replacing the latter with some active life specific conducts; Drawing up an action system (didactical project), by using athletism – specific means, in view of creating a new active lifestyle, in the case of those students from non – profile faculties (from the first years of faculty – 18 to 26 years old); The program we have conceived has some visible effects on the building and improving of motric abilities in students from non – profile universities, adjusting one’s body to various intensity strains, and it has some benefic effects on professional activity.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Quality of life, Student, Physical exercise, Motric potential
  • Received: 7th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 7th March, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Andra-Ioana ANDRONICIUC
 

Nowadays, we are witnessing an unprecedented large number of voters who take their daily information from social media. As a result, having a strong online campaign has become a requirement. The United States of America provide a valuable example of how social media have become increasingly more involved in the communication between politicians and voters. That is why this paper aims at bringing evidence from 2016 presidential race, by analyzing the online communication campaigns of finalists Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. Our findings show that even if both candidates’ campaigns successfully engage with the voters, Donald Trump is taking better advantage of social media’s features: embracing immediacy (right now), transparency (unvarnished expression) and risk (rather than caution).

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Social media, Online campaign, USA elections, Donald Tump, Hillary Clinton
  • Received: 15th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th March, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Stelian MANOLACHE
 

In the postmodern-contemporaneity, when, as W. T. Anderson-shows, the-world-religions-can-discover, in full awareness, what divides them and approaches them, and when, as Jean Delumeau emphasizes,"... different-religions-exalt-each-in-its-language, wisdom and compassion, sincerity and humility, which are precious common values , nobody may not wish them disappear"1(Nicolae Achimescu, 2013), the-Orthodox-Church-opens its doors to all the believers-of-the-world awaiting the-love of the Lord, as--Rev Professor Dumitru-Belu writes in-his-iconic-book About love2(Dumitru Belu, 2016), understanding through tolerance and co-existence the inter-religious dialogue. The renewal of the religious world societies will start, in this context, from the hope that the inter-religious dialogue has the faith in its "mission for promoting a globalization capable [...] of sustaining authentic-dialogue-between-religions-and-cultures"3(Dumitru Popescu, 2003). In other words, Orthodoxy is sincerely4(Nicolae Achimescu, 2006) on-the-path-of-the-dialogue, being-aware of-the-need-and-the-utility-of-the-dialogue, but also of the chance, perhaps unique, of making publicits sacred and liturgical tradition, given the fact that it is God „who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth."(I-Timothy-2:4).

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Orthodox Church, Post-modernism, Interreligious dialogue, Emilian Vasilescu, Peace, Solidarisation
  • Received: 6th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Ioana Ancuţa IANCU
 

One of the most important aspects in deciding to trade online, alone, without the help of a broker, is the portfolio profitability. In this study, using the personal experience, survey data and secondary sources, we identify some factors that may influence the gain and the loss of investors which trade online. Our study contradicts other results from literature that claim that the transition from assisted to online trading is a big drawback in terms of portfolio profitability. By analyzing the performance of the portfolio when passing from assisted to online trading, we observe that half of the investors achieved identical profitability. We also observed that the efficiency of the portfolios belonging to the online investors that were assisted in the past by a broker for a short period, is lower compared to the ones assisted (in the past) for a longer period.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Portfolio, Online trading, Investors behavior, Romanian Stock Market
  • Received: 15th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Silvius STANCIU
 

Sustainable rural development represents one of the European Union policy priorities, which focuses on the development of the agricultural sector by means of an increased attention given to rural communities, to the rural environment and to natural resources. The Common Agricultural Policy Reform led to the development of a number of EU mechanisms for funding the national and regional rural development programs. The present paper performs a study on the concentration degree of national and regional funds, obtained through the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, by relying on the Gini Struck Index. The results of the analysis highlighted a moderate fund distribution concentration degree by means of the EAFRD in the EU, as compared to a high rural development program concentration degree at the level of the Member States. The application of the Pearson Test showed that there wasn’t any significant correlation, from a statistical point of view, between the number of LAGs in the EU and the amount of EAFRD funds absorbed by the Member States.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Common agricultural policy, Rural development, EAFRD, Market concentration, Gini Struck Index
  • Received: 21th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Titus SUCIU, Adriana Veronica LITRĂ
 

The current work gives an overview of the evolution of liberalism, the dominating current trend. The authors show that it does not hold the truth in economy because of both financial and democratic slippage. That is why they submit the model of the Sustainable Development where emphasis is put on the real economy which has turned into an economy for everyone and of all the stakeholders, based on the commitment to the community life. If liberalism promotes the interests of the transnational companies, the Sustainable Development focuses on citizens and on their involvement into the life of the city. That is how the triad is formed: transnational companies-state-community, where the citizen holds the central role, directly involved locally.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Liberalism, Sustainable Development, Cooperative Economy, Life Community
  • Received: 14th March, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Allam YOUSUF
 

Unemployment is one of the most serious crises which confronts countries, and has many negative social effects; it justifies government intervention using mechanisms of the balance of supply and demand. It is one of the most severe problems that the Syrian labor market faces, which is under constant pressure because of the new flows of young people. The aim of this study is to shed light on the concepts which relate to the labor market, and provide a conceptual framework to understand the Syrian labor market during the war, as well as making some recommendations to help the Syrian labor market recover after the war. According to this study findings show that the unemployment rates in Syria remained stable during 2009 – 2010 (8.6%). Subsequently, the rate rose to (14.9%) while in (2012) it rose sharply to (34.9 %) as a result at the end of 2012 the unemployment rate was (26.8%) higher than it was in 2009.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Labor market, Supply, demand, Unemployment
  • Received: 3rd February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 10th April, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Mariana C. JUGANARU, Kamer Ainur M. AIVAZ, Ion Danut I. JUGANARU
 

The study of phenomena and social-economic processes under the aspect of their evolution in time, mainly on a short term or intra-annual represents a preoccupation at a micro and macroeconomic level. For the tourism operators, this process includes knowing the touristic market and the anticipations of its evolution, as an important condition for taking decisions in their activity. The aim of this work is to analyze the touristic activity according to seasonality in Mamaia station, using qualitative and quantitative research methods. The study is important through the aspects that emphasize the specific evolution of the touristic activity from this station. For this aim, a database was formed by the monthly values of three indicators of the touristic activity (number of arrivals, number of overnights and the average duration of the stay) from the period 2010-2016, using a series of statistic and econometric instruments. The results of the research can be proved by the units that maintain or are connected to the touristic activity, but also to the local administration, in making up the attenuation strategy of the touristic activity concerning the seasonality of Mamaia. Also, the work is a case study for the work with the students (especially, for tourism economy, applied statistics in tourism and marketing).

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 9th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Tourism at Mamaia, Seasonality, Indicators of seasonality, Mobile average
  • Received: 25th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Flavius-Andrei GUINEA
 

Economic entities accuse current managerial accounting instruments due to their used indicators, their post operativeness, and their lack of necessary adjustments, short-term target, information handling and decisions taken for various reasons, except the efficiency one. In order to manage a more and more complex organization, located in an uncertain environment, managers require a permanent, real-time, information system. There is no longer sufficient the simple retrospective measurement of results, as there should be provided those instruments that support the decision making process throughout the strategic and operational processes. The implementation of a managerial accounting tool will always interact with the human behavioural dimension. In the initial stage, the actors of an organization will initially manifest reactions of difficult acceptance or even rejection. Each of them will adopt that behaviour which ensures the maximization of its own goals, even if these are, or not, convergent with the organizational objectives.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 9th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Managerial accounting, Managerial objectives, Implementation, Normalization, Manipulation, Behavioural dimension
  • Received: 27th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th May, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Boby COSTI, Marius BOIŢĂ, Gheorghe PRIBEANU, Luminita PĂIUŞAN, Ionela Mihaela MILUTIN, Eduard AJTAY
 

This paper addresses the issue of cash-flow tool for financial planning, cash flow calculation by applying the indirect method within a company in the field of tourism. Thus, it tackled issues concerning the organization of accounting of treasury which made a presentation of the subject reflected in treasury accounting record of the existence and movement of securities placement, availability of the accounts at banks, short term bank loans and other cash values. The importance of access to information as well as more detailed and clearer leads to an upward trend of the tourism society. Standardization of definitions helps to ensure that all parties are talking of the same terms or concepts with lower or no variables. This is essential for developers and contractors in different geographical regions of the world and different countries when they discuss issues of tourism and travel.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 9th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Tourism, Travel, Cash flow, Financial planning, Investment securities
  • Received: 13th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th May, 2017